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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
What is a ruptured ligament?
Aug 25, 2015 By Oluseun Olufade, M.D.

sprained-ankleA sprained ankle is a very common injury in athletes, non-athletes and people of all ages. Approximately 25,000 people experience this injury each day. Ankle sprains are usually caused by an injury that places stress on a joint or ruptures the supporting ligaments. A ligament is an elastic structure that connects bones to other bones. A ruptured ligament indicates a severe sprain. The ligaments in the ankle hold the ankle bones and joint in position, providing stabilization and support. Rupturing occurs when the ligaments tear completely or separate from the bone, impairing proper joint function.

Causes of ankle sprains

  • Sprains are common injuries caused by sports and physical fitness activities. These activities include: walking, basketball, volleyball, soccer and other jumping sports. Contact sports such as football, hockey and boxing put athletes at risk for ankle
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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
“I woke up pain free”: Words from an Emory Sports Medicine Center Patient
Aug 18, 2015 By Steve Alvarez, Emory Sports Medicine Center Patient

mskpatientThe two years of my life before visiting Dr. Kenneth Mautner at the Emory Sports Medicine Center were painful. I had moderate to severe pain in my right interior knee joint. My symptoms were stiffness, swelling and sharp pains while I was sleeping, walking and even driving! Finally I decided to make an appointment with one of the largest and most visible orthopedic clinics in Atlanta. During my visit there, they took an X-ray of my knee and diagnosed me with early stage Osteoarthritis. The physician suggested I first use over the counter medication twice daily to treat the pain and occasionally receive cortisone shots to help with ongoing pain management. If that didn’t work, he said I would eventually need a knee replacement. After getting this news, I was a little uneasy. I thought to myself, “There has to be another option besides daily medication that could hurt my [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
How to Recognize & Prevent Heat-Related Illness
Aug 11, 2015 By Dr. Jeffrey Webb

heat-exhaustionWith the extremely hot temperatures this summer and school sports about ready to start up, heat illness is a problem that should be on every athlete, coach, and parent’s mind. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, about 618 deaths per year are due to heat-related illness. Heat illness is triggered by environmental heat exposure and occurs when the body is unable to cool itself down. Heat can cause a wide range of problems from tight muscles and flushing to complete organ shut down and death. Heat-related illnesses include the following:

  • Heat cramps - muscle pains or spasms that happen during heavy exercise
  • Heat rash - skin irritation from excessive sweating
  • Heat exhaustion - an illness that can come before a heatstroke as the body is beginning to overheat and shut down
  • Heatstroke – a severe, life-threatening illness in which body loses it’s
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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
When is Spine Surgery Necessary?
Aug 4, 2015 By Emory Healthcare

spine-surgery-chatIf you have experienced ongoing back or neck pain, you may have asked yourself at one point, “do I need surgery?” Low back and neck pain are common conditions that can range from dull, constant aches to sudden, sharp pains that make it difficult to move. There are many causes of spine pain, including injury, ruptured discs and the normal wear and tear that comes with aging. Some diseases and spine conditions may also cause pain, such as: - Arthritis - Scoliosis - Spinal stenosis - Spondylolisthesis - Spondylosis Seek an evaluation from a spine specialist if your pain is severe or persistent. The good news is that less than 10% of patients who experience back or neck problems are candidates for surgery. Many spine conditions can be treated non-operatively, but if you’ve been told you need spine surgery, it’s important to have the proper information before making a [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Simple change to surgical procedure makes huge impact on post- lower back surgery patients
Jul 28, 2015 By Emory Healthcare

lumbar-painRecently, at the 2015 International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine (ISSLS) annual meeting in San Francisco, CA, Emory spine surgeon, S. Tim Yoon, MD, won the “Best Podium Presentation” award. It was one of two papers chosen among 600 papers submitted and 80 papers presented. Dr. Yoon was recognized for his research relating to lumbar spine surgery. A summary of the recognition and study findings is below:

Purpose of Study:

Dr. Yoon and Emory University School of Medicine student, J. Stewart Buck,  analyzed 17,232 patient outcomes cases to look at the effect of spinal fluid leakage on cost and length of stay post lumbar (lower back) spine surgery. They looked at first time spinal fusion surgery of the lumbar spine for the treatment ofspinal stenosis (nerve pinch). Sometimes, during spinal surgery the covering around the spinal fluid (dura) becomes punctured and [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
How Cell Phone Use Impacts Our Neck Over Time
Jul 21, 2015 By Daniel Refai, MD

neck-illustrationTechnology has become an incredibly integral part of our lives. As it has adapted and changed, so have humans in the 21st century; we’re constantly on our smartphones—texting, calling, checking our Facebook updates, often for hours every day—and it may have a significant detrimental effect on our bodies.

The average human head weighs between 10 and 12 pounds in a neutral position--when your ears are over your shoulders. But as the neck bends forward and down, the weight on the cervical spine (neck) begins to increase, causing stress. According to a study in 2008, if you lean 15 degrees forward, it's as if your head weighs 27 pounds. If you lean 30 degrees, it's as if your head weighs 40 pounds. If you lean 45 degrees, it's 49 pounds. When you're hunched over at a 60 degree angle, like most of us are many times throughout the day, you're putting a 60 pound strain on your [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
National Recognition for Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center
Jul 14, 2015 By Emory Healthcare

boden-scottIn the May 2015 issue of Spine magazine, a special review section highlights the 100 most frequently cited research papers on lumbar (lower back) spine surgery. After reviewing more than 16,500 papers that matched the search criteria, the research team compiling the data determined 322 papers that were cited at least 100 times. One of the top three most frequently cited authors was Scott D. Boden, MD, director of Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center. “This [review] identifies those individuals whose contributions to the ever-growing body of knowledge have provided guidance and suggestions for further investigation,” says Samuel K. Cho, MD. Cho and his colleagues from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, performed the review. Earlier this year, Dr. Boden was recognized in the highly regarded medical publication Becker’s Spine Review as one of the top 55 [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
National Recognition for Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center
Jul 14, 2015 By Emory Healthcare

boden-scottIn the May 2015 issue of Spine magazine, a special review section highlights the 100 most frequently cited research papers on lumbar (lower back) spine surgery. After reviewing more than 16,500 papers that matched the search criteria, the research team compiling the data determined 322 papers that were cited at least 100 times. One of the top three most frequently cited authors was Scott D. Boden, MD, director of Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center. “This [review] identifies those individuals whose contributions to the ever-growing body of knowledge have provided guidance and suggestions for further investigation,” says Samuel K. Cho, MD. Cho and his colleagues from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, performed the review. Earlier this year, Dr. Boden was recognized in the highly regarded medical publication Becker’s Spine Review as one of the top [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
How Aging Affects Your Cervical Spine – Part II: Arthritis of the Neck
Jul 7, 2015 By John Rhee, MD

NeckArthritis_ 7-7Cervical spondylosis refers to the degenerative process of the vertebral disks in the neck (arthritis). Like the rest of the body, the bones in the neck slowly degenerate as we age, which frequently results in arthritis. Most of the time, this condition causes mild to moderate neck pain and stiffness.

Causes:

Neck pain is extremely common, with more than 85% of people over age 60 being affected. It’s typically caused by chronic wear on the cervical spine as a result of aging. Facet joints in the neck become enlarged, causing the ligaments around the spinal canal to thicken and bone spurs to form. Over time, these changes can press down on (compress) one or more of the nerve roots. In advanced cases, the spinal cord becomes involved. Aside from aging, the other factors that can make a person more likely to develop spondylosis are:
  • Being overweight
  • Past neck or spine
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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Takeaways from Dr. Mason’s Chat on How to Train and Prepare for Summer Running Races
Jul 3, 2015 By Emory Sports Medicine

Running Live ChatThank you for attending the live chat on How to Train and Prepare for Summer Running Races on Tuesday, June 9 with Emory Sports Medicine physician Amadeus Mason, MD. We had a great discussion, so thank you to all who participated and asked questions. From tips for preventing shin splints to advice on how to train for a 5K, we were thrilled with the number of people who were able to register and participate in the chat. (You can check out the transcript here). The response was so great that we had a few questions we were not able to answer during the chat so we will answer them below for your reference. Question: I have inflammation behind my knee. What can I do? Amadeus Mason, MDDr. Mason: Inflammation behind the knee can be due to a number of knee conditions. Baker’s cyst are common and can be caused by injury to the knee, arthritis, damage to the cartilage of the knee, and other [...]

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