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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Sciatica: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments
Jul 16, 2018 By Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center

The number is staggering — more than 65 million Americans suffer from back pain. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, it’s a leading cause of missed work and the most common cause of job-related disability in the United States. Let’s face it — nobody’s at the top of their game when they’re in pain. And when it’s back pain, it can be outright debilitating. Of course, many back conditions could be causing your pain. But if you’re experiencing lower back pain that travels down your leg, you likely have a common condition called sciatica.

What Is Sciatica?

Your sciatic nerve runs from your lower back, through your hip and buttocks, and down your leg. If the pressure is placed on your sciatic nerve, it becomes irritated and can cause pain, weakness or numbness in your leg. Sciatica is often caused by:
  • A bone spur on your

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Do You Have Spinal Stenosis?
Jul 12, 2018 By Howard Levy, MD

Spinal StenosisIf you’re over 50, you’ve probably experienced the subtle — and not so subtle — changes that aging can cause in your body. No matter how well you take care of yourself, “natural wear-and-tear” can sometimes lead to problems, like spinal stenosis.

What is Spinal Stenosis?

Part of the normal aging process includes the narrowing of the space around your spinal cord, which can put pressure on the spinal nerve and cause pain. It can also happen to younger people who get injured or who were born with a narrow spinal canal or curved spine.

What Are the Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis?

Symptoms of spinal stenosis can vary significantly. Some people feel nothing at all, while others experience intense discomfort. Usually, symptoms gradually worsen over time.

Mild to Moderate Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis

If there’s pressure on your spinal cord or nerve roots, you may have a [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Have a Herniated Disc?
Jul 11, 2018 By Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center

Find out which painful conditions respond to a cortisone shot, what the risks are and what to expect from Emory Healthcare.Back pain. It’s the worst. All of us have experienced pain and stiffness at one point or another, but how do you know if it’s something more serious? If your pain is not going away and it’s accompanied by tingling or weakness in your arms or legs, it could be a herniated disc.

What is a Herniated Disc?

Your spine is made up of 33 interlocking bones, called vertebra. Between each vertebra is a spinal disc that works as a cushion to keep the bones from rubbing together. The discs absorb shock and give you the ability to move and stretch.

Sometimes, because of an injury or just normal “wear-and-tear,” the outer layer of a disc becomes damaged or weak. When this happens, the gel-like center of the disc can leak out, creating a herniated disc (also called a ruptured disc or slipped disc). When a disc ruptures like this, it can affect nearby nerves — causing pain,


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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Ankle Pain: Is It a Sprain or a Fracture?
Jun 29, 2018 By Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center

It’s happened to all of us. You’re walking along and then one tiny misstep leads to ankle pain. Whether you were hurt while exercising, playing a sport, or just being “less than graceful,” you’re in pain and wondering just how bad your injury is. Could it be sprained or fractured?

How to Tell a Sprain from a Fracture

A sprain means you’ve stretched or torn a tendon or ligament, while a fracture means you’ve broken a bone. Both can be very painful. So how do you know which type of injury you have? Asking yourself these questions can help:
  • Do you have pain around the soft tissue areas, but not over the bone? If so, it’s likely a sprain.
  • Do you have pain over the ankle bone? Are you unable to walk on it? If that’s the case, you probably have a fracture.

When to See a Doctor for an Ankle Injury

Sometimes, you’re just not sure how serious an ankle [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Hip Replacement Surgery: What to Expect
Jun 28, 2018 By admin

Most people don’t realize how much their hips do for them until they have a hip injury. That one simple joint allows us to perform all our most basic activities — walking, standing and even sitting. If your hip has been damaged by an injury, arthritis or other health condition, it affects everything you do. Walking, getting in and out of a chair, and even resting can be difficult and painful.

When to Consider Hip Replacement Surgery

If you have hip pain that worsens with walking, interferes with sleep or makes it difficult to stand from a seated position, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may suggest methods such as taking medicine, using walking supports or changing daily activities to help relieve your symptoms. If your pain doesn’t lessen with these attempts, it may be time to talk about surgery. Typically, your doctor will refer you to an orthopaedic surgeon for an [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Emory Sports Medicine Answers Your Running Questions
Jun 5, 2018 By Dr. Amadeus Mason

Road race runnersDr. Amadeus Mason is a physician at Emory Sports Medicine Center and specializes in running injuries and injury prevention. The following is an excerpt from a live chat in 2013.

Running Questions and Answers

Q: I've heard that stretching prior to a race can rob you from needed strength during the race... So on race day, what would be your suggestions for a pre-race warm-up that doesn't rob your performance? Light stretching should not rob your performance on race day. You can do simple calf, hamstring and quad stretch along with some simple butt kicks to get your legs warmed up a bit. Q: I have Achilles tendinitis and I just started training. Should I stop training? It only bothers me when I stop running. While I can't speak specifically to your condition, I recommend you speak with your physician before doing any additional hard training. Achilles tendinitis typically [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Common Shoulder Injuries and Conditions
May 29, 2018 By Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center

Shoulder injuries are common, but that doesn’t make them any less painful or inconvenient. Your hands are like puppets, and your shoulders the puppet masters. Whatever you want your hands to do — whether brushing your hair, throwing a ball or scratching your back — your shoulders need to support and facilitate the motion. Your shoulder is made up of several bones, muscles, and tendons. Its main function is to give your arm a wide-range of motion. Unfortunately, the near constant movement in the joint can lead to injuries. Most shoulder problems fall into four major categories:

  • Tendon inflammation and tears
  • Instability
  • Arthritis
  • Fracture (broken bone)

Tendon Inflammation and Tears

Tendon inflammation and tears can be caused by a sudden injury, but are usually caused by repetitive motions. Certain sports like golf and tennis or activities like painting [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Signs of a Torn Meniscus
May 15, 2018 By Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center

As one of the largest joints in the body, the knee is highly susceptible to injury. One of the most common knee injuries is a torn meniscus. The meniscus is a rubbery, C-shaped disk that cushions the knee joint and absorbs shock between the shinbone and thighbone. Each knee has two menisci to keep the weight balanced across the joint. Athletes, particularly those who play contact sports, are most prone to meniscal tears, but the injury can happen to anyone at any age. A meniscal tear is most often caused when a person twists or turns quickly with one foot planted on the ground and the knee bent. For example, if a tennis player squats and twists his or her knee at the same time, a tear can happen. A torn meniscus is more likely to occur with age, as the meniscus and cartilage in the knee wear thin over time. Just twisting awkwardly while standing up from a chair could be [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Kids & Sports: Injuries, Benefits & More
May 2, 2018 By Lisa Wyatt, RadioMD

Rotationplasty Child Limb Sparing Surgery AlternativeSporting activities are highly beneficial for kids, both mentally and physically, but these activities are not without risk. It’s best to find an approach to address the potential danger that rests somewhere between bubble-wrapping your kid and prescribing the old “Walk it off and rub some dirt on it.” Dr. Lee Kneer, a sports medicine physician at Emory Sports Medicine Center and a team physician for the Atlanta Falcons and the Atlanta Braves, details some of the most common sports injuries and what parents can do to help prevent them from happening.

The Most Common Injuries among Kids

Contusions, sprains, and traumatic events are most common among kids, whereas their adult counterparts often face debilitating overuse injuries. Think bruises, twisted ankles, and falls.

How to Best Prevent Injury

Identify the risk factors in each sport and make sure kids wear protective [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
A Runner Gets Back on Track
Apr 26, 2018 By Emory Sports Medicine

Brad Frink is not a man who gives up easily. That’s surely what gives him the stamina to compete in ultramarathons, races that make a traditional 26.2-mile marathon seem like a jog in the park. So when recurring knee pain sidelined him a few years ago, he wasn’t about to back down. Brad’s issue, iliotibial band friction syndrome (ITBFS), is a common overuse injury among recreational and competitive runners. Also known as “runner’s knee”, this condition happens when the iliotibial band, a bundle of thick fibers that runs from your hip to your shinbone and crosses your knee joint, becomes inflamed and tight after repeated use. The pain associated with ITBFS usually subsides with rest, anti-inflammatories, stretching and icing. Brad had tried all of those things and more, including seeing multiple chiropractors, therapists, and doctors before meeting Kyle Hammond, [...]

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