Recent Posts

Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Knee Arthroscopy and Knee Arthroscopy Recovery
Nov 13, 2014 By Dr. Xerogeanes

knee surgeryKnee arthroscopy is surgery that uses a tiny camera (arthroscope) to look inside your knee. Small cuts are made to insert the camera and small surgical tools into your knee for the procedure. Your surgeon can use arthroscopy to feel, repair or remove damaged tissue. To do this, small surgical instruments are inserted through other incisions around your knee.

Preparation for Knee Arthroscopy:

Usually no significant pre operative testing is needed. Depending on your heath, your orthopaedic surgeon may order pre-operative tests. These may include blood counts, an EKG (electrocardiogram), and even a complete physical examination to assess your health and identify any problems that could interfere with your surgery.

Surgery for Knee Arthroscopy:

During the procedure, the orthopedic surgeon inserts the arthroscope (a small camera instrument about the size of a pencil) into your [...]

Read More | (0)
Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Knee Replacement Surgery
Oct 2, 2014 By James R. Roberson, MD

Knee SurgeryThe knee is a hinge joint which provides motion at the point where the thigh meets the lower leg. Your knee can become damaged by osteoarthritis resulting from wear and tear over time, by rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, or by injury/trauma to the knee. Rest, medication, and therapy are the first lines of treatment, but knee replacement surgery — also known as knee arthroplasty -- can help relieve pain and restore knee function for those whose cartilage is too damaged to respond to conservative measures. Although surgery always comes with risks, knee replacement surgery continues to be one of the most predictably successful of all major operations done for any problem. It is however a major surgery and should only be considered when other nonsurgical options are not adequate.

Knee Replacement Procedure

In general, knee replacement surgery consists of replacing the [...]

Read More | (2)
Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Do You Think You Have a Ruptured Disc? Check Out These Signs and Symptoms of a Herniated or Ruptured Disc
Sep 11, 2014 By Dr. Boden

Herniated DiscA herniated disc, also commonly referred to as a ruptured disc or slipped disc, occurs when a cartilage disc in the spine becomes damaged and moves out of place resulting in a pinched nerve. You can have a herniated or ruptured disc in any area of your spine but most often it affects the lumbar spine (lower back area). There are many causes of a herniated or ruptured disc including:

  • Degeneration due to aging
  • Wear and tear
  • Injury to the vertebrae
  • Sudden strain or sprain in lower back
  • Sports injuries or accidents

Symptoms of a herniated or ruptured Disc

Symptoms of a ruptured disc will vary from person to person but the most common symptoms of a herniated or ruptured disc include:
  • Severe pain in the back around the ruptured area
  • Muscle weakness, numbness, shooting pain or tingling in the legs
  • Muscle spasms
  • Pain in shoulders, arms, chest, ribs or thighs
[...]

Read More | (1)
Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Types of Knee Replacements
Sep 4, 2014 By Nickolas Reimer, MD

Knee ReplacementThe knee is the largest and most complex joint in the human body. It is also one of the most important joints, playing an essential role in carrying the weight of the body in a given direction. It is formed by the lower part of the femur, the tibial plateau and the knee cap, and enables hinge and rotating movements as the connection between the upper and lower leg. When the knee joint is damaged, people can experience pain, swelling and decreased range of motion. This can make it difficult to perform daily tasks like standing, climbing stairs or walking. If the knee doesn’t respond to activity modification, anti-inflammatory medications and injections, knee replacement surgery may be a viable option. Your doctor may recommend knee replacement surgery if you have severe knee pain and disability from rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or traumatic injury, and will make a [...]

Read More | (2)
Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Takeaways from Dr. Oskouei's Stem Cell Treatment Chat
Aug 28, 2014 By Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center

Stem Cell TreatmentThank you for attending the live chat on Stem Cell Treatment for Osteoarthritis on Tuesday, Aug. 12. We had a great discussion, so thank you to all who participated and asked questions. We were thrilled with the number of people who were able to register and participate in the chat. Check out the chat transcript for a full list of questions and answers! The response was so great that we had a several questions we were not able to answer during the chat, so we will answer them below for your reference. The questions have been broken into sections based on topic:

Surgical vs. Non-Surgical Stem Cell Treatment

  • How exactly do both stem cell treatments work?
Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei: When implanted surgically, they recruit surrounding cartilage cellsand begin differentiation into mature cartilage.
  • Can you explain the differences in "stem cell implantation surgery" and "stem cell
[...]

Read More | (2)
Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Achilles Tendon Ruptures and Repair
Aug 25, 2014 By Dr. Labib

achilles tendonThe Achilles tendon connects the muscles in the back of your calf to your heel bone. There are two basic variations of Achilles injuries: Achilles tendonitis, and a complete tear. It’s important to know whether the Achilles is torn or not, because the treatment is very different: a torn Achilles may require surgery; Achilles tendonitis probably means rehab and rest. While tendonitis is a gradual onset of pain that tends to get worse with more activity, an Achilles tear is a sudden injury, and it feels as if you were hit or kicked in the back of the ankle. A tear usually affects your ability to walk properly. Because an Achilles tendon rupture can impair your ability to walk, it's common to seek immediate treatment. You may also need to consult with doctors specializing in sports medicine or orthopaedic surgery. Tests and Diagnosis During the physical exam, your doctor [...]

Read More | (0)
Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Torn Meniscus and Torn Meniscus Surgery
Aug 14, 2014 By Dr. Mathew Pombo

Torn MeniscusWhen people talk about torn cartilage in the knee, they are usually referring to a torn meniscus. The meniscus is a rubbery, C-shaped disc that cushions your knee and acts as a shock absorber between your thighbone and shinbone. Each knee has two menisci, which help to keep your knee steady by balancing your weight across the knee. Any person at any time can tear their meniscus, but athletes—particularly those who play contact sports—tend to be at a higher risk, the reason being that a meniscus tear is usually caused by twisting or turning quickly, often with the foot planted while the knee is bent. Players may squat and twist the knee, causing a tear. As you get older, your meniscus gets worn which can make it tear more easily. Cartilage weakens and wears thin over time, increasing the likelihood of degenerative meniscal tears. One awkward twist when getting up from a [...]

Read More | (0)
Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Rotator Cuff Surgery
Jul 22, 2014 By Dr. Karas

rotator cuffThe rotator cuff is a group of four tendons and their attached muscles that stabilize the shoulder and allow you to raise and rotate your arm. The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint with three main bones: the upper arm bone (humerus), the collarbone (clavicle), and the shoulder blade (scapula). The rotator cuff helps keep the ball of the arm bone seated into the socket of the shoulder blade. When the tendons and muscles of the rotator cuff are overly stretched or damaged, the shoulder may begin to hurt. Patients with a rotator cuff tear usually have a dull ache in their upper arm in the area of the deltoid muscle. Neck pain on the same side may develop over time, as well as dull headaches. Patients may experience weakness or “popping” in the shoulder. and have difficulty with over-head shoulder activities (tennis, swimming, getting dressed). Night pain is a common finding [...]

Read More | (0)
Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Understanding Talar Fractures
Jul 17, 2014 By William Reisman, MD

talus fractureThe talus is a small bone that sits between the heel bone (calcaneus) and the two bones of the lower leg (tibia and fibula). Where the talus meets the bones of the foot, it forms the subtalar joint, which plays an important role in walking and stabilization. The talus is an important connector between the foot and the leg and body, helping to transfer weight and pressure forces across the ankle joint. The talus has no muscular attachments and is mostly covered with cartilage, which makes injuries difficult to heal. What causes a talus fracture? Talus fractures are often the result of high-energy injuries. Most injuries to the talus result from motor vehicle accidents, although falls from heights also can injure the talus. These fractures also may occur from twisting the ankle, particularly when significant weight bearing forces are involved, which can result in small chips or [...]

Read More | (0)
Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Stem Cell Treatment for Osteoarthritis – What is it and is it right for you?
Jul 15, 2014 By admin

Stem Cell ChatDid you know that physicians at Emory are now treating osteoarthritis by using a patient’s own stem cells? It is one of the latest advances in orthopaedic care and Emory Orthopaedics surgeon, Shervin Oskouei, MD, and some of his colleagues are doing the procedure here in Atlanta. Find out more about this unique procedure and whether it is right for you by joining us on Tuesday, August 12 for a live, online web chat. During this hour long, informal chat, you can ask specific questions about this groundbreaking new procedure such as:

  • Is stem cell treatment a good option for patients with osteoarthritis, loss of cartilage in the joint, or chronic tendon injuries?
  • What are the stem cell treatment options currently available?
  • Who is a candidate for this type of treatment?
  • Are there other stem cell treatments for osteoarthritis coming soon to the market?
  • What happens during
[...]

Read More | (2)