Foods that Fight Prostate Cancer

prostate healthy eatingEating a healthy diet helps reduce your chances of getting cancer, but which foods should men eat to reduce their prostate cancer risks and why? See our list of cancer-fighting foods below to find out.

1. Tomatoes

Tomatoes are packed with lycopene; a member of the carotenoid family found commonly in red pigmented fruit and vegetables, lycopene has been established as having strong antioxidant properties. Research suggests that lycopene is a preventive agent for prostate disease. [1]

2. Watermelon

Watermelon, like tomatoes, is loaded with lycopene. In fact, one cup has the lycopene content of two tomatoes. But watermelon is also rich in vitamin C and beta-carotene, antioxidants that help to protect cells from damage and rid your body of harmful cells that can lead to cancer.

3. Garlic

Garlic is famed for its supposed health benefits, and studies concerning its anti-cancer benefits look promising. Several compounds are involved in garlic’s possible anticancer effects – garlic contains allyl sulfur and other compounds that slow or prevent the growth of tumor cells. In one study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute in 2002, scientists discovered that men who ate about a clove of garlic daily had a 50 percent reduced risk of developing prostate cancer. [2]

4. Green tea

Green tea contains polyphenol compounds, particularly catechins, which are antioxidants and whose biological activities may be relevant to cancer prevention. Studies have shown that green tea and its components effectively mitigate cellular damage due to oxidative stress, and green tea extract is reported to induce cancer cell death and starve tumors by curbing the growth of new blood vessels that feed them. [3]

5. Soy

Soy fills the body with isoflavones — compounds that act like the hormone estrogen in humans — and have been found to have an abundance of anti-cancer benefits. Studies have shown that the isoflavones in soy inhibit prostate cancer cell growth, induce cellular death, and enhance the ability of radiation to kill prostate cancer cells. [4]

6. Beans

Beans are a good source of protein a good alternative to meat. Beans are high in fiber

7. Broccoli

Studies suggest a link between cruciferous vegetables and prostate cancer risk.A member of the cruciferous vegetables and contains phytochemical sulforaphane that targets cancer cells.

8. Fish

Have a healthier balance of Omega-3 and omega 6 fatty acids may help prevent the development of prostate cancer. Eat fish found in cold waters to increase omega-3 intake. Salmon, Herring, Mackerel, Trout, Sardines.

Sources:
[1] Ilic D., “Lycopene for the prevention and treatment of prostate disease.”
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24531784
[2] Milner JA. “A historical perspective on garlic and cancer.” J Nutr. 2001 Mar;131(3s):1027S-31S.
[3] Butt MS, Sultant MT. “Green tea: nature’s defense against malignancies.”
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19399671
[4] Mahmoud AM, Yang W, Bosland MC., Soy isoflavones and prostate cancer: A review of molecular mechanisms.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24373791

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About Tiffany Barrett

tiffanybarrettTiffany Barrett, MS, RD, CSO, LD, is a Certified Specialist in Oncology Nutrition and sought after expert in her field. She is a key contributor to support programs at Winship and provides personalized nutritional advice to Winship Cancer Institute patients who are undergoing cancer treatment. She also consults with patients who have completed treatment and wish to continue to build a strong and healthy diet. She earned her Bachelor of Science at Florida State University and a Master of Science at University of North Florida. Tiffany is a Certified Specialist in Oncology Nutrition and completed a Certificate of Training in Adult Weight Management.

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