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Transplant
Emory Transplant Supports 'Every Community Has Opportunity' Campaign
Jul 17, 2018 By admin

Each year during the second and third full weeks of July, Donate Life conducts a two-week outreach campaign where it highlights the importance of organ donation and transplantation in multicultural communities. The campaign, Donate Life ECHO, is a collaborative partnership between the Association for Multicultural Affairs in Transplantation (AMAT) and Donate Life America. ECHO stands for Every Community Has Opportunity – the opportunity to save and heal lives.

Association for Multicultural Affairs in Transplantation

The Association for Multicultural Affairs in Transplantation (AMAT) was created to increase organ and tissue donation among multicultural communities. Multicultural communities are disproportionately in need of lifesaving organ transplants – especially kidneys. Currently, 58 percent of the U.S. transplant waiting list is comprised of multicultural patients. Research studies have confirmed that there is a link between cultural perceptions, feelings and traditions related to the decision-making process concerning organ and tissue donation. AMAT has been at the forefront of advocating for and sharing best practices in the donation and transplantation community [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Sciatica: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments
Jul 16, 2018 By Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center

The number is staggering — more than 65 million Americans suffer from back pain. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, it’s a leading cause of missed work and the most common cause of job-related disability in the United States. Let’s face it — nobody’s at the top of their game when they’re in pain. And when it’s back pain, it can be outright debilitating. Of course, many back conditions could be causing your pain. But if you’re experiencing lower back pain that travels down your leg, you likely have a common condition called sciatica.

What Is Sciatica?

Your sciatic nerve runs from your lower back, through your hip and buttocks, and down your leg. If the pressure is placed on your sciatic nerve, it becomes irritated and can cause pain, weakness or numbness in your leg. Sciatica is often caused by:
  • A bone spur on your spine (hard calcium deposit)
  • A herniated disc (when the cushion between your vertebra ruptures and leaks)
  • Piriformis syndrome (muscle spasms in your buttocks)
  • Pregnancy
  • Spinal Stenosis (narrowing of the area around your spine)

What Are Sciatica Symptoms?

The hallmark symptom of [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Do You Have Spinal Stenosis?
Jul 12, 2018 By Howard Levy, MD

Spinal StenosisIf you’re over 50, you’ve probably experienced the subtle — and not so subtle — changes that aging can cause in your body. No matter how well you take care of yourself, “natural wear-and-tear” can sometimes lead to problems, like spinal stenosis.

What is Spinal Stenosis?

Part of the normal aging process includes the narrowing of the space around your spinal cord, which can put pressure on the spinal nerve and cause pain. It can also happen to younger people who get injured or who were born with a narrow spinal canal or curved spine.

What Are the Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis?

Symptoms of spinal stenosis can vary significantly. Some people feel nothing at all, while others experience intense discomfort. Usually, symptoms gradually worsen over time.

Mild to Moderate Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis

If there’s pressure on your spinal cord or nerve roots, you may have a slow onset and progression of symptoms, including:
  • Neck or back pain
  • Arm or leg weakness
  • Arm or leg numbness
  • Shooting pain in your buttocks that shoots down your leg

Severe Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis

Cauda equina syndrome is an extremely rare, but serious form of spinal stenosis [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Have a Herniated Disc?
Jul 11, 2018 By Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center

Find out which painful conditions respond to a cortisone shot, what the risks are and what to expect from Emory Healthcare.Back pain. It’s the worst. All of us have experienced pain and stiffness at one point or another, but how do you know if it’s something more serious? If your pain is not going away and it’s accompanied by tingling or weakness in your arms or legs, it could be a herniated disc.

What is a Herniated Disc?

Your spine is made up of 33 interlocking bones, called vertebra. Between each vertebra is a spinal disc that works as a cushion to keep the bones from rubbing together. The discs absorb shock and give you the ability to move and stretch.

Sometimes, because of an injury or just normal “wear-and-tear,” the outer layer of a disc becomes damaged or weak. When this happens, the gel-like center of the disc can leak out, creating a herniated disc (also called a ruptured disc or slipped disc). When a disc ruptures like this, it can affect nearby nerves — causing pain, numbness and/or weakness to radiate along the nerve.

A herniated disc can occur in three areas of your spine:

  • Lumbar. Your lumbar spine (lower back) is the most common place for a herniated disc because it bears the most weight and gets used more than any other area of your spine.
  • Cervical. The
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Cosmetic Medicine
Functional vs. Cosmetic Rhinoplasty
Jul 10, 2018 By Anita Sethna, MD

Some people choose to get a “nose job” (rhinoplasty) because of breathing difficulties, including snoring or sleep apnea. Others, because they aren’t comfortable with the appearance of their nose. Whichever the reason, rhinoplasty can provide life-changing results.

Functional Rhinoplasty

Some people’s nasal valves are just naturally narrow, while others become impaired through injury or collapse as they age. Functional rhinoplasty involves repairing the cartilage in your nostrils and correcting any structural defects that obstruct your airway to help you breathe better.

Cosmetic Rhinoplasty

Cosmetic rhinoplasty’s purpose, on the other hand, is to improve your appearance. Your nose is reshaped to be more symmetrical and proportional to your other facial features. It can be used to make your nose smaller, narrower, more/less angled, and to reshape the size and position of your nasal passages.

When Function and Appearance Intersect

For many patients, functional and cosmetic concerns go hand-in-hand. For example, a pinched nasal tip or asymmetrical bridge can also compromise breathing. In these cases, correcting one aspect may also improve the other. However, [...]

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Brain Health Center
How to Support Veterans with PTSD During 4th of July
Jul 3, 2018 By Emory Healthcare

With summer here and the 4th of July around the corner, Emory Healthcare Veterans Program would like to remind you that fireworks can cause discomfort for our combat Veterans. Good times for you can be agonizing for them, so please be mindful, courteous, and take the time to educate yourself and your family about PTSD.   1. Learn: There are many resources available to learn about PTSD. Emory Healthcare Veterans Program would be happy to send one of our Veteran Outreach Coordinators to educate your organization about PTSD. If you are interested in this opportunity please contact us at 1-888-514-5345. 2. Be Aware: Find out if any of your neighbors are combat Veterans. If they are, inform them that you will be celebrating with fireworks so that they will not be surprised and can prepare themselves. They do not wish to ruin your fun, but providing a warning allows them to make other arrangements if necessary. 3. Know the facts: A high percentage of Veterans and servicemembers suffer from PTSD.  Treatment is available and very successful. If you or a loved one is a post 9/11 Veteran or servicemember who struggles with symptoms of PTSD, TBI, [...]

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Highlights
The Catching Point: Gaining Enough Momentum to Make Weight Loss Easier
Jun 29, 2018 By J. David Prologo, MD, FSIR

One thing is clear regarding healthy diet and exercise: it is much easier for those who are already lean to do it for body maintenance than it is for those who are obese trying to make a change. People hoping to lose pounds quickly by abruptly starting to exercise and eat well ignite a survival response that turns hundreds of thousands of would-be dieters back each year.

The nature of the survival response is a subject for another article, but for now - how can we overcome it? How can we get that critical amount of momentum, after which things are so much easier? How can we stay on track long enough so that habits "catch?"

The traditional teaching is to push through it and overcome the early entry barrier with "mind over matter" techniques. Unfortunately, that approach has contributed to notoriously high diet failure rates and continually increasing incidences of obesity. In recent years, the obesity medicine literature has provided us with new options that address sustainability. These principles help patients stay engaged long enough so that healthy living gets easier; long enough to reach a "catching point."

1. Something is better than nothing.

The American Heart [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Ankle Pain: Is It a Sprain or a Fracture?
Jun 29, 2018 By Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center

It’s happened to all of us. You’re walking along and then one tiny misstep leads to ankle pain. Whether you were hurt while exercising, playing a sport, or just being “less than graceful,” you’re in pain and wondering just how bad your injury is. Could it be sprained or fractured?

How to Tell a Sprain from a Fracture

A sprain means you’ve stretched or torn a tendon or ligament, while a fracture means you’ve broken a bone. Both can be very painful. So how do you know which type of injury you have? Asking yourself these questions can help:
  • Do you have pain around the soft tissue areas, but not over the bone? If so, it’s likely a sprain.
  • Do you have pain over the ankle bone? Are you unable to walk on it? If that’s the case, you probably have a fracture.

When to See a Doctor for an Ankle Injury

Sometimes, you’re just not sure how serious an ankle injury is. If you’re not sure it’s serious enough to see a doctor, watch it for two to four days and use the RICE method:
  • REST. Try to stay off your ankle as much as possible.
  • ICE. Use an ice pack several times a day, 20 minutes on and at least 20 minutes off.
  • COMPRESSION. Use an
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Preventive Medicine
The Difference Between Dehydration, Heat Exhaustion, and Heat Stroke
Jun 29, 2018 By Nick E. Colovos, MD, MBA, FACEP, FAAEM

Dehydration

One of the most important things you can do to prevent heat illness is staying hydrated. Without the right amount of fluid intake, your body can’t keep its temperature at a normal, consistent level. Dehydration happens when your body lacks the proper amount of fluids and electrolytes to keep working properly.

Dehydration symptoms include:

  • Thirst
  • Less frequent urination than normal
  • Darker urine color
  • Dry skin
  • Tiredness
  • Dizziness and/or fainting
  • Headache
Signs of dehydration may be slightly different for younger individuals. In young children and infants, dehydration symptoms can include a dry mouth and tongue, crying without tears, an extended period of time (around 3 hours) without a wet diaper, high fevers, and an unusual amount of sleepiness or drowsiness.

Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is a serious condition. Heat exhaustion happens when the body loses a great deal of water and salt (which is usually caused by profuse sweating). Cases of heat exhaustion are made much worse whenever there is a high level of humidity or physical activity involved. Notably, heat exhaustion can cause any pre-existing conditions to worsen or become [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Hip Replacement Surgery: What to Expect
Jun 28, 2018 By admin

Most people don’t realize how much their hips do for them until they have a hip injury. That one simple joint allows us to perform all our most basic activities — walking, standing and even sitting. If your hip has been damaged by an injury, arthritis or other health condition, it affects everything you do. Walking, getting in and out of a chair, and even resting can be difficult and painful.

When to Consider Hip Replacement Surgery

If you have hip pain that worsens with walking, interferes with sleep or makes it difficult to stand from a seated position, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may suggest methods such as taking medicine, using walking supports or changing daily activities to help relieve your symptoms. If your pain doesn’t lessen with these attempts, it may be time to talk about surgery. Typically, your doctor will refer you to an orthopaedic surgeon for an initial evaluation.

Health Conditions That May Affect Your Hips

Sometimes people need hip replacements because of an injury, but often they need surgery because of damage caused by a health condition. Some conditions that may damage your hips include:
  • Osteoarthritis damages the slick cartilage
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