Sexual Dysfunction

What you may have been labeling as “lack of sexual interest” or “painful sex” is a form of sexual dysfunction, a common and frequently treatable issue. The term “sexual dysfunction” refers to a recurring or persistent problem that interferes with a person’s ability to have sex or enjoy a sexual experience.  Sexual dysfunction can occur at any point in a woman’s life.  The process of sexual enjoyment is complex, especially in women.  There are multiple points at which the “dysfunction” can occur, and many times there is more than one factor at play.

Common problems which can occur include:

  • Low desire or the lack of sexual interest
  • Lack of arousal or difficulty maintaining the arousal
  • Inability to achieve orgasm
  • Pain instigated by intercourse or chronic pain preventing intercourse

Low desire, lack of arousal and inability to achieve an orgasm can be due to:

  • Medications, such as anti-depressants, high blood pressure medication, alcohol, and illicit drugs.
  • Mental state as it relates to the relationship with your partner, cultural or religious issues as it pertains to the act of sex, and issues with body image.
  • Stress and anxiety—This can be situational as well as chronic
  • Hormonal changes, such as menopause or changes in contraception.
  • Medical problems, especially those that affect the nerves and blood vessels (i.e., diabetes, peripheral vascular disease).
  • History of sexual abuse and post-traumatic stress disorder, or a negative sexual experience.


Menopause is the point in life where the body no longer produces estrogen.  Natural menopause is defined as no menses for one year.  You may be at the point where menses may be present but irregular, which is referred to as peri-menopause.  Sexual function can change both with peri-menopause and menopause, as well as with surgical menopause (when the ovaries are removed surgically).  This is due to the lack of estrogen in the vagina which makes the vagina drier, less elastic or flexible, and decreases the blood flow to the area causing the vaginal skin to become thinner.


Vaginal pain can be caused by other reasons beyond hormonal changes, especially in women who are premenopausal.  Pain disorders can cause sexual dysfunction cycles which can be a challenge to break. One can experience pain with intercourse, vaginal dryness, constant vaginal/pelvic/lower abdominal pain, and vaginal irritation which may be mistaken for vaginal infections or urinary tract infections. However, the negative experience associated with a painful sexual experience can trigger an ongoing sexual dysfunction cycle.

Steps to Addressing Pain with Intercourse

The first step is to identify what is prompting the pain (there may be more than one contributing reason), then to focus therapies (more than one therapy simultaneously is often necessary):

  • An anatomic issue with the vagina—Sometimes if a woman is dealing with a scar tissue band or pelvic organ prolapse/vaginal bulge this may change the anatomy (the shape) of the vagina.  This change in structure may result in painful intercourse. Addressing these anatomical changes may require pelvic floor physical therapy or surgery to correct the issue.
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction—If you have experienced pain with intercourse or even without intercourse, the cause may be abnormally tight pelvic muscles. This inability to relax pelvic floor muscles may cause abnormal feedback to pelvic organs causing pain, bladder dysfunction or anorectal dysfunction.  Pelvic floor physical therapy is the most commonly prescribed treatment, but other therapies may be necessary in conjunction with physical therapy to achieve better sexual function and alleviate pain.
  • Vulvovaginal skin changes— The thinning of the walls of the vagina caused by decreased estrogen levels is a change in the vagina that occurs with menopause, and sometimes during the peri-menopausal period.  There are hormonal and non-hormonal therapies which can be initiated for treatment.  Other times, hormonal changes may not be the issue. Lichen sclerosus is an autoimmune skin condition of the vulva (outside of the vagina) which can cause irritation and pain.  The treatment for lichen sclerosus is different and will need a biopsy first to confirm the diagnosis.
  • Interstitial cystitis (IC) or Bladder Pain Syndrome—This is a condition of the bladder which can cause bladder pain, urinary urgency and frequency, and painful intercourse.  IC often makes one think she has urinary tract infections but will have negative urine cultures.  There are many ways to try to alleviate IC which include diet changes, pelvic floor physical therapy, stress management, or medications.
  • Stress and anxiety, history of sexual abuse—Finding outlets or methods to manage stress and anxiety are paramount to break the pain cycle. Psychotherapy is very important with pain and anxiety disorders, as well as, with a history of sexual abuse to obtain better overall function and strengthen relationships thus helping sexual function.
  • Other medical issues may cause pelvic pain and pain with intercourse such as endometriosis and irritable bowel syndrome.  Other specialists may need to be involved in helping manage these issues.

Multidisciplinary approaches with pelvic floor physical therapists, psychiatrists/counselors, gynecologist or urogynecologist, and other specialists such as urologists and gastroenterologists are often required for managing pain disorders or painful disorders.

Talking to your primary care physician or gynecologist openly about your sexual dysfunction, and how it is impacting your life and relationships is a necessary first step.  Your physician may be able to help you or may refer you to a specialist.  Therapy will take time, especially since there is no “magic cure” for sexual dysfunction. However, with positive steps in the right direction, sexual function can be improved.

Call 404-778-3401 to make an appointment or visit to learn more.

About Sana Ansari, MD

Sana Ansari, MD is a Urogynecologist and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgeon with Emory Women’s Center, and Assistant Professor at Emory University School of Medicine. Her specialties include Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery, Urogynecology, and Obstetrics and Gynecology. She is currently accepting patients at Emory Johns Creek Hospital and Emory Saint Joseph’s Hospital.

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction – What is the Right Treatment Approach?

Pelvic floor dysfunctions are common and include a wide range of conditions that affect women on a daily basis, significantly impairing one’s quality of life. In the United States, up to 35% of women suffer from stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and up to 50% of women have physical findings consistent with some degree of pelvic organ prolapse.


At Emory Women’s Center, our Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery specialists offer help to patients with a wide variety of conditions including pelvic organ prolapse (when the pelvic organs “drop” due to pelvic floor weakness) and stress urinary incontinence (the involuntary leakage of urine with physical activity).

Symptoms associated with pelvic organ prolapse include:

  • Vaginal bulge/pressure
  • Vaginal pain
  • Incomplete bladder emptying
  • Difficulty with defecation

Symptoms associated with stress urinary incontinence (SUI)

  • Loss of urine with coughing, sneezing or laughing
  • Loss of urine during intercourse
  • Loss of urine without sensation
  • Loss of urine during the night time

Nonsurgical Options

There is a broad range of treatment options for these two conditions. Nonsurgical options may include:

  • Adopting lifestyle changes
  • Strengthening your pelvic floor muscles with specific pelvic exercises with or without the help of a pelvic floor physical therapist
  • Using a pessary – removable device that is placed into the vagina to support areas of prolapse

While these nonsurgical options are explored with all patients, you may find that surgery is often an option to solve issues related to bowel or bladder pain or even painful sexual intercourse. One in six women will opt for surgery. The use of permanent mesh material to reinforce the prolapsed area is one of the many successful surgical approaches. This has many patients wondering, “is the use of mesh right for me?”

Surgical Option: Mesh

Mesh, also known as Polypropylene mesh, has been used for decades across most surgical subspecialties. In recent years, the use of mesh has garnered a lot of media attention. Centered around the July 2011 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advisory on the safety and effectiveness of mesh, the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse media coverage may raise questions about whether the mesh is right for your specific Pelvic Disorder needs. Transvaginal mesh as it is mentioned in the 2011 FDA is different from our use of mesh augmentation materials for pelvic floor disorders. When treating pelvic organ prolapse, the mesh is placed abdominally, a technique that has been used for many years offering lower complication rates.

We also use vaginal mesh to treat stress urinary incontinence in the form of mid-urethral slings. This leading surgical treatment option for women who suffer from SUI is supported as the “standard of care” in the surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), the American Urogynecologic Society (AUGS) and the Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital Reconstruction (SUFU).

If you suffer from vaginal prolapse or stress urinary incontinence, don’t hesitate to consult an Emory Clinic Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery subspecialist and ask them if surgery is right for you. The Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery team at Emory Clinic’s Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics includes specialized pelvic surgeons, colorectal surgeons and a dedicated group of physical therapists. Our goal is to collaborate with you to find a treatment approach tailored to your symptoms and treatment goals. Whether or not you decide on a treatment option that includes the use of permanent mesh material, our team is here to address all your urogynecological questions and concerns.

Emory Clinic Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery have specialized surgeons available to discuss your options, schedule an appointment today by calling 404-778-3401.

About Jessica Harroche, MD FACOG

Jessica Harroche, MD FACOG is an Assistant Professor at Emory University Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Female Pelvic Medicine, and Reconstructive Surgery Division. Dr. Harroche attended the Sackler School of Medicine at Tel Aviv University. She completed her Residency and Fellowship at the Albert Einstein School of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx, NY. Dr. Harroche specializes in pelvic floor disorders and offers women a breadth of surgical approaches including minimally invasive procedures (vaginal, robotic).

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – Why Diagnosis Isn’t Always Simple

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS is a syndrome associated with irregular menstrual cycles, acne or excess hair growth, and, occasionally, difficulties with weight control. While PCOS is a broad diagnosis, many women with PCOS do not fit the stereotypical PCOS mold. So, how do I know if I have PCOS?

A diagnosis of PCOS requires 2 of the following 3 characteristics:

  1. Irregular menstrual cycles: Periods that occur in an unpredictable pattern or greater than 45 days apart. Women with lengthened cycles typically do not ovulate regularly.
  2. Elevated levels of male hormones: This can be visible clinical signs (e.g. excess hair growth or acne) or unseen lab signs including elevated testosterone levels.
  3. Polycystic-appearing ovaries on transvaginal ultrasound: On an ultrasound, there are many “antral follicles,” which contain small immature eggs. Although the syndrome is called “polycystic ovary syndrome” women with PCOS have a large number of immature eggs or follicles, rather than ovarian cysts. Another hormone, called Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH), is often elevated in women with PCOS but this is not part of the formal diagnosis.

Given that the criteria to be diagnosed with PCOS only requires two of the three above characteristics, women may have PCOS without the commonly noted symptoms of acne, excess hair growth, or irregular cycles. Although many women with PCOS struggle with weight, diagnosis is independent of weight or body mass index (BMI). In fact, 10-15% of women with PCOS have a normal BMI. These women often do not have acne or excess hair growth and often attribute infertility to irregular menstrual cycles.

Diagnosis of Exclusion

It’s important for patients to understand that the PCOS diagnosis is a diagnosis of exclusion. This means that other syndromes or diseases can present similar symptoms to PCOS, with irregular cycles. Changes in weight and cycle irregularity can be a result of other health occurrences, such as pregnancy, thyroid disease, and elevated prolactin levels. In fact, physicians will often recommend a pregnancy test (HCG), thyroid test (TSH), and prolactin test before diagnosing PCOS.

While there are rarer diseases that can be dangerous for a woman’s health and are important to exclude as the cause of PCOS-like symptoms, ruling out pregnancy, pituitary disease, and thyroid disease is a reasonable place to start. Lifestyle factors that may contribute to absent or irregular cycles are also important to rule out prior to initiating fertility treatment. Women who have a low BMI, a history of excessive exercising or a history of caloric restriction (or a mix of the above) may experience irregular cycles. Treatment often includes lifestyle changes and support, including counseling and a nutrition referral. Women with low ovarian reserve often ovulate irregularly and may have irregular cycles. A physician will check a woman’s ovarian reserve, often with tests such as AMH, FSH, and estradiol.

Treatment Options

Lifestyle counseling is warranted in women with a diagnosis of PCOS. For women who are overweight, a 5-10% weight loss has been associated with improvement in menstrual regularity and resumption of menses. Counseling regarding the heightened risk of diabetes and pre-diabetes compared to women without PCOS may also help guide dietary and exercise choices for patients with the syndrome. Screening for diabetes should be strongly considered in any women with PCOS. If pre-diabetes is diagnosed, medication may be prescribed to aid in insulin resistance and, in some women, results in weight loss.

For those not interested in pregnancy immediately, it is important to discuss protection of the uterine lining from overgrowth or cancer. This is often done with contraceptives or an intrauterine device. Oral contraceptives have the added benefit of improvement of acne in women with PCOS. If you are interested in pregnancy, a referral to a Gynecologist or Reproductive Endocrinologist is often necessary. Women will likely need medications to induce ovulation and intercourse is then timed at home to coincide with ovulation or the medications combined with intrauterine inseminations on the day of ovulation.

PCOS affects 10-15% of reproductive-aged women and, as a result, warrants the attention of not only obstetrician-gynecologists but also physicians in other specialties.

Emory Reproductive Center has fertility experts available to discuss your reproductive needs, schedule an appointment today by calling 404-778-3401 or learn more about our services by visiting our website.

About Dr. Jennifer Kawwass

Jennifer Kawwass, MD is the Medical Director of the Emory Reproductive Center and a Guest Researcher at the CDC. She is board certified in both reproductive endocrinology and infertility and in obstetrics and gynecology. Dr. Kawwass is a fellow of the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and a member of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine. She received her undergraduate degree from Davidson College, her medical degree from the University Of Virginia School Of Medicine, and her Ob/Gyn and REI fellowship training from Emory.

About Dr. Heather Hipp

Heather Hipp, MD is a Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility specialist who practices at the Emory Reproductive Center. She is a board-certified Obstetrician-Gynecologist and a fellow of the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. She received her undergraduate degree from Duke University. She received her M.D. from Emory University School of Medicine and completed her OB/Gyn residency and REI fellowship at Emory as well.


The Truth About Mesh in Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery

Amos Adelowo, MDPolypropylene mesh material has been used in most surgical subspecialties and in millions of patients for over five decades. In my field of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, the use of permanent mesh material is often used for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse, which is when the pelvic organs drop due to weakened pelvic muscles, and stress urinary incontinence, which is the involuntary leakage of urine after physical activity, such as sneezing, coughing, and laughing.

In July 2011, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released an advisory on the safety and effectiveness of surgical mesh in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. In addition, there has been significant media attention surrounding this issue, and lawyers have targeted women who have had mesh placed, promising big payouts for their pain and discomfort.

Because of these developments, many women are confused, fearful, and may not seek treatment for bothersome pelvic floor conditions that significantly impact their quality of life. As a care provider in the Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery at Emory, my goal is to provide patients with the best information and care for their conditions. Here are some things you should know about mesh and pelvic floor disorders before making any health decisions.

Not All Mesh is the Same

Mesh is used in the mid-urethral sling surgery commonly used for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence for women who leak urine after coughing, sneezing, laughing, running, etc. This surgery is the leading treatment option and current gold standard for stress incontinence surgeries. The FDA has clearly stated that the polypropylene mid-urethral sling is safe, effective and it is not the subject of the 2011 FDA safety communication on the use of vaginally placed mesh for pelvic organ prolapse surgery.

The way we place the mesh is also a factor. Abdominally placed mesh with the option of a minimally invasive approach to placement has been used over many years with excellent results. The FDA’s communication focused on transvaginal placement of mesh products for treatment of pelvic organ prolapse.

Transvaginal Mesh is Not the Only Option

Some women don’t seek help for pelvic floor disorders because they are worried about transvaginal mesh, but we have many other options for treating prolapse and incontinence. These include non-surgical options, including physical therapy or a support device known as a pessary, as well as other surgical options that do not include the use of transvaginal mesh. We also offer minimally invasive surgical options that result in quicker post operative recovery, less blood loss and shorter hospital admission after surgery.

Transvaginal Mesh is Still a Good Option for Some Patients

Some of our surgical options use materials that aren’t permanent, so the results may not last as long as repairs made using permanent mesh. Studies show that using mesh can significantly lower the failure rate of these surgeries. Based on the current available information, many patients undergoing pelvic organ prolapse surgery with the use of mesh augmentation will heal well and have no problems. They will experience relief from their symptoms and improvement in function of the lower urinary tract.

Removing Transvaginal Mesh

In our practice, we care for women referred to us from other institutions with mesh complications. We occasionally have to “revise” a surgical mesh by either releasing the tension or excising a small exposed area. We do have the experience and training to remove mesh, as we have done so in patients with complications from their mesh surgery.

Our Team Understands and Can Manage the Risks

The risks associated with transvaginal mesh surgeries as well as other prolapse surgeries include pain, infection, urinary problems, bleeding, and painful sexual intercourse. Many of these complications can be treated and resolved in most patients, with management ranging from an in-office visit to another surgery. There is a small but significant group of patients who experience permanent complications from the use of transvaginally placed mesh.

For this reason, our team at Emory provides extensive counseling on the choice of surgical approach and the materials that will be used. We also work to ensure that patients understand what signs and symptoms should concern them after surgery. We provide an open line of communication and access for our patients to be seen and evaluated in a timely fashion if they are concerned.

We also believe in the importance of a multidisciplinary care team for all of our patients with pelvic floor dysfunction, including those with mesh. At Emory, our team includes urogynecologists, urologists, colorectal surgeons, radiologists, gastroenterologists, and pelvic floor physical therapists. We believe this approach provides optimal care with best outcome, and it gives our patients the benefit of receiving input from different subspecialists without multiple client visits.


It’s important to know that the symptoms associated with pelvic floor disorders – urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, prolapse, and sexual dysfunction – are not a normal part of aging and are treatable. We will work with patients to find a treatment option that improves their quality of life. If concerns about transvaginal mesh are holding you back from seeking treatment, please reconsider and talk to your health care provider.

About Dr. Adelowo

Amos Adelowo, MD, MPH, FACOG, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Emory University School of Medicine. He is a member of the Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery division, also known as urogynecology. Dr. Adelowo sees patients at the Emory Clinic at Emory University Hospital Midtown, on the 8th floor. He completed medical school at Pennsylvania State College of Medicine and his residency in obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Massachusetts Memorial Hospital. He then completed his fellowship in Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery at Mount Auburn Hospital and Harvard Medical School. To make an appointment with Dr. Adelowo or any of our urogynecologists, please call 404-778-3401.

National Infertility Awareness Week: You Are Not Alone

Infertility Awareness WeekThis week, April 19-25, is National Infertility Awareness Week. At the Emory Reproductive Center, we know well the pain that infertility causes those who are ready to grow their family. Infertility is extremely isolating – it can be difficult to share fertility struggles with friends who seem to conceive easily, or to face family members who continually ask about plans for a baby.

That’s why we’re happy that the theme “You Are Not Alone” has been chosen for this year’s National Infertility Awareness Week. Since infertility is rarely discussed, many people don’t realize just how common the issue is – in fact, infertility impacts 1 in 8 couples of reproductive age. What’s more, people who are unaware of how common infertility is may not realize just how many options we have to treat it.

In the spirit of raising awareness about infertility, we’d like to share some basic facts about this medical condition:

  • We define infertility as the inability to become pregnant after a certain period of time of unprotected intercourse. For women under age 35, that period of time is one year; for women over the age of 35, that period of time is six months. Some patients may have risk factors that make infertility more common, such as endometriosis, and those patients are encouraged to seek assistance before six months or a year has passed.
  • Infertility is not just a female problem – 30 percent of infertility cases are due to a female factor, 30 percent of infertility cases are due to a male factor, and in the rest of the cases, the cause is unknown or may be due to both a male and female issue.
  • We now have more options than ever for treating infertility, including everything from intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilization to egg donation and surrogacy. And in vitro fertilization, or IVF, is safer than ever before, with a lower risk of multiple births compared to years earlier.

We take the theme “You Are Not Alone” seriously at Emory – once patients initiate treatment, we put together a team that supports them throughout their entire journey with us. All of our staff members are trained in the special needs of infertility patients, and from that initial work-up to the completion of treatment, we are our patients’ biggest cheerleaders.

In addition to providing our patients with a compassionate and respectful experience, we’re proud to say that our in vitro fertilization program consistently achieves success rates significantly above the national average. It’s extremely fulfilling to know that we have helped so many patients feel less alone by successfully helping them build their families.

RESOLVE, the National Infertility Association, has some wonderful resources for men and women seeking more information on infertility, as does the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. We also invite you to visit our website or to call 404-778-3401 to make an appointment and learn more about your options.

About the Emory Reproductive Center

The Emory Reproductive Center, located at Emory University Hospital Midtown, manages a range of conditions that affect reproductive health, including fibroids, endometriosis, abnormal bleeding, recurrent pregnancy loss, premature ovarian insufficiency, polycystic ovary syndrome, male infertility, and genetic disorders.

We offer testing for male and female infertility issues and the latest in assisted reproductive technologies with excellent results – our in vitro fertilization (IVF) program consistently achieves success rates significantly above the national average.

Our fellowship-trained physicians are faculty members at the Emory University School of Medicine. Learn more about our team.

Sexual Dysfunction: When To See A Specialist

What is sexual dysfunction?

Sexual dysfunction is a general term that refers to a problem during sexual activity that interferes with an individual’s ability to enjoy the sexual experience. Sexual problems typically fall into one of four categories:

  1. Desire disorders
  2. Arousal disorders
  3. Orgasm disorders
  4. Pain disorders

What causes sexual dysfunction in women?

Many things, including physical or medical conditions as well as psychological causes, can contribute to sexual dysfunction. Some examples may include:

  • Medical problems, such as depression
  • Medications
  • Smoking, alcohol, and drugs
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Relationship problems
  • Prior negative sexual experiences
  • Hormone changes/menopause

What’s the link between sexual function and menopause?

Sexual function can affect both men and women of all ages. However, there are specific changes that occur around menopause that can impact a woman’s sexual experience. During menopause, declining hormone levels cause changes in our body that may affect our sexual function. For example, lower hormone levels may decrease your sex drive or cause changes in the vagina that may make intercourse uncomfortable.

What causes sex to be painful?

There are many reasons why sex may be painful. Some of the more common reasons include:

  • Vaginal atrophy: Loss of estrogen after menopause causes the vaginal lining to become thin and dry. We call this vaginal atrophy. Vaginal atrophy can make sexual intercourse uncomfortable or even painful. Although this is most commonly associated with menopause, a woman might also experience vaginal atrophy after surgical removal of her ovaries. Your doctor may treat this condition with vaginal estrogen in a cream, tablet, or ring form. Vaginal lubricants and moisturizers can also help.
  • Pelvic floor muscle spasms: Similar to a “Charley horse,” women can also develop muscle spasms or “trigger points” in their pelvic floor muscles. When this happens, it can make penetration difficult and painful. Treatment involves working with a pelvic floor physical therapist to help you rehab and appropriately relax these muscles.
  • Infections
  • Cysts
  • Endometriosis

When should you see a specialist about sexual dysfunction?

Most conditions can be managed with the help of your gynecologist or primary care physician. However, there are some conditions, like the ones listed below, that may require consultation with a specialist known as a urogynecologist, who has advanced training in these areas.

  • Pelvic organ prolapse: Pelvic organ prolapse is a weakening of the pelvic floor, which allows the vaginal walls along with some of your pelvic organs to herniate through the vaginal opening. This often presents as a vaginal bulge or an appearance that something is protruding outside of the vagina. Sometimes women describe a sensation of feeling like they are sitting on an egg. Although prolapse should not cause pain per se, the vaginal bulge may interfere with one’s ability to experience penetration and may cause discomfort during intercourse.
  • Previous surgeries: Sometimes women experience pain with intercourse after having undergone previous surgeries. This may be due to a complication of the surgery, distorted anatomy, or perhaps a residual foreign body in the vagina such as suture or mesh.

Talk to your health care provider

The good news is that most causes of sexual pain and sexual dysfunction are treatable. Treatment will depend on the underlying etiology and often requires a team approach including your partner, doctors, physical therapist and psychologists. Remember, communication is key. Talk to your health care providers today to see how they can help you with any concerns you are having.

About Kristie Greene, MD

Kristie Greene, MDKristie Greene, MD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Emory University School of Medicine. She is a member of the Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery division, also known as urogynecology. Dr. Greene sees patients at the Emory Clinic at 1365 Clifton Road, in Building A on the 4th floor. She completed medical school at Loyola University’s Stritch School of Medicine and went on to complete both her residency and her fellowship in Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery at the University of South Florida. To make an appointment with Dr. Greene or any of our urogynecologists, please call 404-778-3401.