Posts Tagged ‘know where to go’

Surviving the Spring Pollen

Spring is in full swing! Before we get excited and bolt out the doors for warmer weather, it is important to remember that pollen production is high during this season. Spring allergies can be complex. So, where does pollen come from? How do you prevent the allergies? Here are some things to know.

Common Questions About Allergies

Allergies and asthma have an interesting relationship that can affect everyone in some way. See our “Surviving Allergies and Asthma” blog to learn more about the connection between the two.

pollen allergyWhere Does Pollen Come From?

Pollen comes from trees, shrubs, and grass. Every spring, summer, and fall, pollen is released from these plants for fertilization. These tiny grains are carried in the wind and can trigger the common symptoms we know of: runny nose, sneezing, itchy and watery eyes. To keep the allergies to a minimum, try avoiding these plant species:


  • Ash trees are commonly found in North America and produce large amounts of pollen.
  • Birch trees are found in almost every state. This species produces pollen when they flower.
  • Oak trees are found worldwide. There are more than 80 species of oak trees in North America.


  • Forsythia shrubs begin to bloom at the end of winter. The peak pollen production is during spring.
  • Holly shrubs bloom during spring. In the Southeast, the tree version is common and can grow up to 40 feet tall.


  • Zoysia grass is the worst pollen offender. Growing season for this grass is from early spring to late fall. To keep zoysia from producing high amounts of pollen, keep the grass short.

Tips to Surviving Spring Pollen

  • Allergy testing is one of the best ways to determine which species can trigger your allergies.
  • Consider removing any of the plant species above or strategically plant them farther away from the house/bedroom windows.
  • If you have outdoor plans, take allergy medication before leaving the house. Don’t wait for the symptoms to occur.
  • Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes.
  • Adjust outdoor activities around high pollen counts. Pollen counts are the highest during midday.
  • For additional tips, visit

Know Where to Go

If over-the-counter medication is not aiding your allergies, consider visiting your primary care physician. Primary care physicians can help connect you with an allergen specialist. Both will work together to help keep your allergen episodes to a minimum.

If you are unable to get renewed prescriptions or unable to get in contact with your primary care physician, urgent care centers and MinuteClinics can provide help with allergies.


Do You Know the Difference Between a Cold and the Flu?

We’re in the midst of a bad flu season that may last longer than most. But do you know the difference between a cold and the flu? Both are respiratory illnesses that have similar symptoms. Although there is no distinct way to differentiate one from the other, it is important to know the type of symptoms and severity each one can cause. Additionally, special tests can be done within the first few days to determine the type of illness.

Common Cold

  • Symptoms are gradual
  • Slight aches
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Sneezing
  • Milder conditions compared to the flu

Flu (Influenza)

  • Symptoms are abrupt
  • Fever/feeling feverish (chills)
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Headaches and fatigue (tiredness)
  • Chest discomfort
  • Some may have diarrhea and vomiting (more common in children)

Just like how the common cold and flu have similar symptoms, they can both be treated with a lot of rest, fluids and over-the-counter medicine. However, the flu must also be treated with prescribed antiviral medicine.

Keeping the Flu and Colds at Bay

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends the following to avoid getting the common cold or flu:

  • Don’t get too close to people who are sick.
  • If you’re sick, stay at home.
  • Cover coughs and sneezes.
  • Wash your hands.
  • Try not to touch your mouth, nose or eyes.
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces you or those who may be sick around you have touched.
  • Practice prevention: get vaccinated – even now it’s not too late, get plenty of sleep, avoid stress, stay well hydrated, and eat nutritious snacks and meals.

Know Where to Go

If you or someone in your family has flu symptoms for more than three days, visit your primary care physician (PCP). Other reasons to see your PCP include:

  • Bloody stool or vomit.
  • Lack of urine or dark urine, which may mean dehydration.
  • Oral temperature of over 101.5°F.

Your doctor knows you and your family’s health history and can probably see you fast. Another plus to seeing your PCP? A low co-pay.

If the flu strikes after doctor’s office hours, you can get the care and attention you need at an urgent care center. The Emory Healthcare Network also includes Peachtree Immediate Care Urgent Care and CVS MinuteClinics. Combined, these partners provide nearly 60 locations throughout metro Atlanta and surrounding counties and put convenient care where you need it, 7 days a week with no appointment necessary.

When to Go to the ER

It’s time for the ER if you or someone in your care is suffering from:

  • A temperature over 102°F for more than two days that doesn’t respond to medicine.
  • Severe dehydration (symptoms include dark urine or lack of urine).
  • If you take your child to the ER, have key information ready for the nurse or doctor. Keep track of when symptoms started, how they progressed, how long a fever or rash has lasted, how often your child has gone to the bathroom, any medications, who they’ve been in contact with and any other health concerns. Bring water, snacks and a toy for your child.

If you’re not sure, call your family doctor or Emory HealthConnection to speak to an Emory nurse at 404-778-7777.

When to Get a Flu Shot

Get the flu shotIt may be your best chance at preventing the flu—but do you know the best time to get your flu shot?

If you get it too soon, you might not be as well protected. But since it typically takes your body 2 weeks from the time you get the shot to develop immunity, you don’t want to wait too late.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), flu season usually runs from November through the end of April, so it’s best to get the flu shot as early as possible prior to the season. October is a recommended time frame.

Who Needs a Flu Shot?

Everyone’s at risk of being infected with the influenza virus and can spread it to others. That’s why the CDC recommends that everyone 6 months and older get vaccinated against it every year, even if you’ve never had the flu.

If you have a less-developed or compromised immune system, a yearly vaccination is especially important (even critical). Not only are you more likely to get the flu, your body will have a harder time fighting it off or enduring the symptoms should you be infected with the virus. The flu can hit people hard, turn to pneumonia and cause other medical issues.

Flu shots are recommended for almost everyone 6 months and older, but are especially important for:

  • Adults age 65 and over
  • Kids age 6 months to 5 years
  • People with long-term health conditions (asthma, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart or lung disease, HIV, cancer, and more)
  • Transplant recipients
  • Pregnant women

Even the healthiest of people should be vaccinated. If you aren’t convinced you need to protect yourself, consider the need to protect your family, friends, co-workers — even strangers. Some professionals, such as health care personnel, early education childcare workers, and school personnel, are even required to be vaccinated in order to be employed. Should you get the flu, everyone around you is at risk and some won’t be as equipped to fight off the virus as you are.

What’s In the Flu Vaccine?

Many people fear getting a flu shot can actually give them the flu, and some claim to have actually contracted the virus from the vaccination itself. But it simply isn’t possible —the flu vaccine is made of dead flu viruses. Since they’re dead, you can’t catch the flu from them. The flu vaccination can, however, cause side effects like headache, nausea, fever and muscle ache. Since these side effects mimic flu symptoms, people often mistake them for having the flu. But when you have the flu, you’ll know it — your symptoms will be much more severe and longer lasting.

These dead viruses teach our bodies what the flu looks like — so it learns, over time, to fight the illness. This is a process and can take up to 2 weeks for your body to be able to fight it. So, timing your flu shot is important.

When we talk about the flu vaccine, we usually refer to it as “the flu shot.” But in reality, it is also available as a nasal spray, although there is some concern that it isn’t as effective as the shot. Also, if you’re considered high risk for the flu, there is also a high-dosage version of the flu shot available. This offers stronger protection and is usually recommended for those age 65 and older.

Know Where to Go

Your pediatrician or primary care doctor knows your medical history best. But if your doctor isn’t available, or if it’s easier for you to get your flu shot outside of your doctor’s office hours, minute clinics or urgent care centers are good choices for your flu vaccine.
Emory Healthcare Network partners with Peachtree Immediate Care Urgent Care and CVS MinuteClinic. Combined, our urgent care and minute clinic partners provide nearly 60 locations throughout metro Atlanta and surrounding counties. This puts convenient care where you need it, 7 days a week for most of the year.

Learn more about these partnerships

About Dr. Colovos

Nick Colovos, MD, received his degree from the University of Miami School of Medicine in 1993, and completed his residency in emergency medicine at St. Vincent’s Medical Center in Toledo, Ohio, in 1996. His work experiences in the academic, public and private sectors of medical care have allowed him to develop a unique perspective on the business of healthcare and its delivery to patients. He currently serves as medical director for the Emory Healthcare Urgent Care and MinuteClinic Strategy and assistant clinical professor of Emergency Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, in Atlanta, Georgia.


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Kid’s Health: Common back-to-school illnesses and injuries

Kid's Health Going back to school can tax your kid’s health. Catching up with old friends and make new ones can be an exciting time, but one that puts them back in close contact with one another — with a result no one looks forward to: illnesses and injuries.

In the first few months of a new school year, there are lots of germs going around. They’re on desks, keyboards, in the classroom and on the playground where accidents also happen.

Over time, your child will become immune to many infectious diseases. In the meantime, teach him to wash his hands well —and often. If your child does come down with a bug, keep him home from school until he’s fever-free for 24 hours without medicine.

Common kid’s health back-to-school illnesses and injuries include:

  • “Backpack-itis”: Overstuffed backpacks can cause head, neck and shoulder pain as well as lead to bad posture. Use your bathroom scale to figure out what your kid weighs with and without his backpack. Make sure that his locked and loaded backpack doesn’t weigh more than 10% of his weight. Also, make sure your child wears both straps. A lightweight pack with wide straps and a padded back is a good choice.
  • Colds and flu: Colds are very contagious. If your child doesn’t have a fever, it’s probably okay to go to school. It’s important not to spread germs — so teach your kid to cough or sneeze into a tissue—or an elbow—and to wash his hands. When it comes to flu, prevention is important. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends a flu shot for everyone six months old and up.
  • Impetigo: This skin infection is very contagious. Symptoms include sores and blisters on the face, neck, and hands. Keep any cuts clean and teach your child, not to scratch rashes and bug bites. Thorough hand washing helps prevent the spread of impetigo and also strep throat, which is related.
  • Lice: These tiny bugs live on the scalp, feed on blood and cause itching. Kids usually get lice by being in close contact with someone who has them. To keep your family lice-free, teach your child to avoid head-to-head contact and not to share hats, helmets, hair accessories, towels, or other personal things. Make sure students don’t share cubbies or lockers.
  • Pinkeye: This eye infection, also called conjunctivitis, is easily spread from one kid to the next in school. Signs include bloodshot eyes, itchy and burning eyes, and a yellow or green eye discharge from the eyes. If your child has pinkeye, a prescription for antibiotic eye drops is needed to treat it. Like other contagious diseases, the best prevention is good hand washing.
  • Playground injuries:  Common injuries are fractures, cuts, bruises, and sprains. But dislocations, broken bones and concussions can also happen. Most injuries happen on playground bars or climbers. Make sure the playground is supervised and that your child follows the rules.
  • Strep throat: Strep throat can spread through the student body pretty fast. In addition to a sore throat, symptoms may include a runny nose, high fever, and headache. If untreated, a strep throat could lead to rheumatic fever. It’s important to get a strep test and treat this disease with antibiotics. Teach your child to steer clear of anyone with a sore throat and to wash hands often. Your child should know not to share drinks, spoons, forks, knives or toothbrushes.
  • Stomach flu: This bug isn’t really the flu—but it is a virus and it’s highly contagious. It causes stomachaches, vomiting, and diarrhea. Stomach bugs can lead to dehydration. Teach your child to always wash hands after using the bathroom and before eating. Your child should not share drinks, forks, knives, spoons, or toothbrushes.

Know where to go for kid’s health issues

Your pediatrician or family doctor knows your kid’s health the best, but if your doctor isn’t available and you need health care right away or outside of your doctor’s office hours, minute clinics, and urgent Care centers are good choices.

Minute Clinics can treat minor illnesses. Urgent care centers also treat minor illnesses and can perform X-rays and more advanced treatment for kid’s health issues that aren’t life threatening.

Learn more about Emory Healthcare’s MinuteClinic and urgent care partners – Peachtree Immediate Care and SmartCare® Urgent Care. Combined, these partners provide nearly 60 locations throughout metro Atlanta and surrounding counties — putting the care you need now where you need it, 7 days a week for most of the year.

When to go to the emergency room

Go to the ER for urgent conditions including:

  • Heart attack or stroke
  • Difficulty breathing, shortness of breath
  • Chest or upper abdominal pain
  • Fainting, dizziness, weakness or lack mobility
  • Changes in vision
  • Confusion or changes in mental status
  • Sudden or severe pain
  • Uncontrollable bleeding
  • Broken bones that break through skin
  • Severe or persistent diarrhea or vomiting
  • Coughing or vomiting blood
  • Suicidal or homicidal feelings
  • Poisoning
  • Head or neck injury
  • Suspected concussion

If you take your child to the ER, have key information ready for the nurse or doctor. Keep track of when symptoms started, how they progressed, how long a fever or rash has lasted, how often your child has gone to the bathroom, any medications, who they’ve been in contact with and any other health concerns. Bring water, snacks and a toy for your child.

If you still aren’t sure, contact your family doctor or call Emory HealthConnection to speak to an Emory nurse at 404-778-7777.