Posts Tagged ‘osteoarthritis’

Emory Orthopaedics, Sports and Spine to offer stem cell therapy in Johns Creek to treat arthritis pain

arthritis_520Emory Orthopaedics, Sports and Spine will start offering stem cell therapy at Emory Johns Creek Hospital in July to treat osteoarthritis.

Emory Healthcare sports medicine physician, Oluseun Olufade, MD, says he begins the treatment by applying a numbing medicine to the patient’s hip or stomach area and extracts cells from the patient’s bone marrow or adipose tissue. The stem cells are then separated using a centrifuge machine to provide a concentrated sample to inject into the patient’s damaged joint. Since the stem cells are from the patient’s own body, the rejection risk is low.

How can stem cell injections help me?

This treatment can reduce pain and provide long-lasting relief from chronic tendinitis, arthritis and cartilage damage in the joint.

“Stem cells harness the power of your own body and work to actually repair your damaged tissue,” says Olufade.

What is arthritis?

According to the Arthritis Foundation, osteoarthritis is the most common chronic condition of the joints and affects 27 million Americans. The degenerative joint disease causes cartilage to wear down, bones to rub against one another and leads to stiffness and pain. Risk factors like age, obesity, previous joint injury and genetics contribute to the progression of osteoarthritis.

Alternative to surgery

Olufade, who is also an assistant professor in the Departments of Orthopaedics and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation says stem cell therapy offers another alternative to patients who are facing joint-replacement surgery.

“Some patients who are seeking stem cell treatment have already tried physical therapy, cortisone shots, viscosupplementation and platelet rich plasma (PRP) injections without much success,” says Olufade.

How should I prepare for my treatment?

Patients should stop taking anti-inflammatory medication seven days before their injection. You shouldn’t take Aspirin, Motrin, Aleve and Naprosyn. Remember to tell your doctor if you are on any blood thinning medications. You should also drink as much water as you can on the day of your injection.

What can I expect afterwards?

Olufade says patients who undergo stem cell injections should expect to experience soreness for a few days, but many return to their normal activities shortly after the procedure. You may resume physical therapy one week after the treatment. Call your doctor immediately if you experience unbearable pain, bleeding, or signs of infection, such as streaking, fever, or chills.

More information

The treatment is not covered by most medical insurance. Visit www.emoryhealthcare.org to learn more about stem cell injections or call 404-778-8081 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Olufade.

About Dr. Olufade

olufade-oluseunDr. Olufade is board certified in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Sports Medicine and Interventional Pain Medicine. He completed fellowship training in both Interventional Pain Medicine and Sports Medicine.

Dr. Olufade employs a comprehensive approach in the treatment of sports related injuries and spinal disorders by integrating physical therapy, orthotic prescription and minimally invasive procedures. He specializes also in concussion, tendinopathies and platelet rich plasma (PRP) injections. He performs procedures such as fluoroscopic-guided spine injections and ultrasound guided peripheral joint injections. Dr. Olufade individualizes his plan with a focus on functional restoration.

Dr. Olufade has served as team physician, both in the professional MLS ranks with Philadelphia Union, and as a member of the U.S. national team physician pool. He has covered the U.S. 17-year-old men’s national team in international matches in France and Turkey.

Dr. Olufade has held many leadership roles including Chief Resident, Vice-President of Resident Physician Council of AAPM&R, President of his medical school class. He is currently the Vice President for John Creek Healthcare Association. He has authored multiple book chapters and presented at national conferences

Understanding Osteoarthritis

OsteoarthritisWhile “arthritis” is a commonly known disease, it is generally misunderstood. In fact, arthritis is not a single disease, rather a way of referring to joint pain or joint disease. There are more than 100 types of arthritis and related conditions. Osteoarthritis (OA), which is also known as Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD), is one of the most common forms of arthritis, affecting nearly 27 million Americans according to the Arthritis Foundation.

Unlike other forms of inflammatory arthritis, OA is most common in older adults. It occurs when cartilage, the smooth, rubbery material that cushions each bone becomes thinned, damaged or worn away. The “wearing down” of cartilage leads to pain, swelling and joint stiffness, and as the disease continues to worsen over time, bone rubbing against bone can lead to joint damage and more intense pain.

Osteoarthritis can affect any joint, but mostly affects the knees, hips, hands and spine joints. While the cause of osteoarthritis is unknown and there is no cure, there are ways to relieve symptoms and improve joint function for those suffering from the disease:

  • Exercise! Just 30 minutes of physical activity five times a week (150 minutes in total) can help significantly reduce joint pain and improve joint mobility in as little as four to six weeks. If you cannot fit in a whole 30 minutes, try breaking your exercise into three, 10-minute increments throughout the day. Any physical activity is better than none!
  • Be SMART when it comes to physical activity:
    • Start low and go slow. Begin with three to five minutes of physical activity twice a day and add activity in small amounts to allow your body to adjust.
    • Modify activity if arthritis symptoms increase, but try to stay active.
    • Activities should be low impact, such as walking, bicycling, water aerobics or dancing.
    • Recognize safe and effective ways to be active. Consider exercise classes designed for people with arthritis. When planning your own activity, make sure to choose safe locations with sidewalks/pathways that are level (e.g., a neighborhood or park).
    • Talk with your healthcare provider to help monitor chronic osteoarthritis symptoms.
  • Watch your weight. If you are overweight, losing one pound can take four pounds of pressure off your knee joints! A weight loss of five percent helps reduce joint pain. Maintaining a healthy weight and physical activity are also beneficial with other chronic illnesses such as high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease, which often affect those with OA.
  • Eat right. While there is no specific diet for people with arthritis, studies have identified certain foods that can help control inflammation, strengthen bones and boost the immune system. Incorporating foods often found in the Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes fish, vegetables, fruit and olive oil, have been found to promote good joint health.

Can osteoarthritis be prevented? Learn more about risk factors for osteoarthritis >>

Find the right physician

If you are experiencing severe pain, swelling or stiffness in your joints, it may be time to see one of the physicians at the Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center for further evaluation and treatment.

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About Dr. Mason

Amadeus Mason, MDAmadeus Mason, MD, is an assistant professor in the Orthopaedics and Family Medicine departments at Emory University.

He is board certified in Sports Medicine with a special interest in track and field, running injuries and exercise testing. He has been trained in diagnostic musculoskeletal ultrasound, orthopedic stem cell therapy and Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy. Dr. Mason is Team Physician for USA Track & Field, Tucker High School, and Georgia Tech Track and Field.

Dr. Mason is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine, the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine, the America Road Racing Medical Society, and the USA Track and Field Sports Medicine and Science Committee. He has been invited to be a resident physician at the US Olympic Training Center, a Sports Medicine consultant in his homeland of Jamaica and the Chief Medical Officer at multiple USA Track and Field international competitions. He is an annual speaker at the pre-race expo for PTRR, Publix marathon and Atlanta marathon commenting on a wide variety of topics related to athletics and running injuries.

Dr. Mason is an active member of the Atlanta running community. He attended Princeton University and was captain of the track team. His other sports interests include soccer, college basketball and football, and the National Hot Rod Association (NHRA). A Decatur resident, he is married with three children.

Takeaways from Dr. Oskouei’s Stem Cell Treatment Chat

Stem Cell TreatmentThank you for attending the live chat on Stem Cell Treatment for Osteoarthritis on Tuesday, Aug. 12. We had a great discussion, so thank you to all who participated and asked questions. We were thrilled with the number of people who were able to register and participate in the chat. Check out the chat transcript for a full list of questions and answers!

The response was so great that we had a several questions we were not able to answer during the chat, so we will answer them below for your reference. The questions have been broken into sections based on topic:

Surgical vs. Non-Surgical Stem Cell Treatment

  • How exactly do both stem cell treatments work?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

When implanted surgically, they recruit surrounding cartilage cellsand begin differentiation into mature cartilage.

  • Can you explain the differences in “stem cell implantation surgery” and “stem cell injections?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

Injections alleviate pain and symptoms; whereas,  surgical implantation surgery is a way to actually grow cartilage in areas where the cartilage is lacking.

  • What determines whether you get the surgical or nonsurgical procedure?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

It depends on patient preference, but also on the amount of damage. If the damage is severe, the patient may not be a candidate for surgical implantation. An MRI is useful in determining who is a good candidate.

  • Is the surgical procedure preferable to the injection for a knee?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

It depends on patient preference, but also on the amount of damage.

  • For the surgical solution, are a patient’s own stem cells used?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

Yes, we use the patient’s own stem cells.

 

Recovery

  • How long does it take to notice a difference/improvement in symptoms and pain?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

It typically takes about six weeks to notice a difference in pain.

  • Do you recommend PT after the procedure?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

Yes, I recommend physical therapy, but it should not be very aggressive.

  • Will the stem cells migrate to other parts of the body, helping more than just the targeted joint?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

No, the stem cells stay in the targeted joint.

  • Do you have any statistics on how long a time period patients typically experience pain relief after receiving the injections treatment?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

Patients typically experience pain relief for about four to six months.

  • Does the osteoarthritis then stop progressing in that area or will it eventually take over again?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

In the case of surgical implantation, osteoarthritis is stopped and often reversed.

  • After the injection, how long before someone could resume walking 1-2 miles per day if they had been doing so before the treatment?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

I would suggest waiting about six weeks.

 

Candidacy

  • Is stem cell therapy an option for people whose osteoarthritis is advanced? If not, what is the alternative?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

It depends on the severity and grade of cartilage damage. Alternatives include joint replacement surgery.

  • Do you expect the procedure to improve in the future so those of us with late osteoarthritis might avoid surgery?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

That is possible now!

  • If the knee is bone on bone, would this still be a candidate?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

It depends on the amount of cartilage loss, not just the depth of cartilage loss. In other words, if the patient has a subtotal area of cartilage loss, even if its bone on bone, then they would be a candidate. If the whole joint surface is devoid of cartilage, then they are likely not the best surgical candidate.

  • In cases where the condition is severe with pronounced bowing of the leg is this procedure recommended? Also will the bowing be corrected?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

No, with severe deformity, reconstructive surgery is generally recommended.  However, some slight varus (bowing) deformity is acceptable for stem cell treatment.

  • How does one begin the process for determining if the procedure is recommended?  Do you see patients for assessment or is that done by someone else?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

I see them. I would love to see an X-ray and MRI of your affected joint. We can order it or you can order it and send it in for us to evaluate it.

  • How do you get evaluated for this procedure?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

Call 404-778-6363 to schedule an appointment.

  • I am 70, and have had both knees and my right hip replaced. Am I too old to have the procedure done on my left hip?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

No, not at all. We would love to see your MRI to see if you’re a candidate.

  • Is this something a 60 year old man should be looking into?

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

Absolutely!


Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

Age isn’t as much of a factor as the amount of cartilage loss and deformity. 80 year old patients have benefited from this procedure in the past.

 

Traveling for Treatment

  • For out of town patients, how long should we plan to be in Atlanta for the procedure? 

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

Two days.

  • For patients from overseas can the PRP injection be administered on same day as stem cell injection? 

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

Yes.

  • If we do not live close, can we mail a copy of the MRI i to see if we are a candidate? 

Shervin Oskouei, MDDr. Oskouei:

Yes! That’s ideal.

About Dr. Oskouei

Shervin Oskouei, MDShervin V. Oskouei, MD, assistant professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at Emory University, is an expert in the treatment of musculoskeletal (extremity) tumors, total hip and total knee replacements and revisions. Dr. Oskouei started practicing at Emory in 2004. Dr. Oskouei is board-certified and fellowship trained in orthopaedic surgery. Combining his experience and interests with the state-of-the-art facilities of Emory University and the Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University allows Dr. Oskouei to treat patients with the latest modalities using a multi-disciplinary approach.

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Stem Cell Treatment for Osteoarthritis – What is it and is it right for you?

Stem Cell ChatDid you know that physicians at Emory are now treating osteoarthritis by using a patient’s own stem cells? It is one of the latest advances in orthopaedic care and Emory Orthopaedics surgeon, Shervin Oskouei, MD, and some of his colleagues are doing the procedure here in Atlanta. Find out more about this unique procedure and whether it is right for you by joining us on Tuesday, August 12 for a live, online web chat. During this hour long, informal chat, you can ask specific questions about this groundbreaking new procedure such as:

  • Is stem cell treatment a good option for patients with osteoarthritis, loss of cartilage in the joint, or chronic tendon injuries?
  • What are the stem cell treatment options currently available?
  • Who is a candidate for this type of treatment?
  • Are there other stem cell treatments for osteoarthritis coming soon to the market?
  • What happens during the procedure?
  • Can you recover fully after this procedure?
  • And more…

To sign up for the live chat visit emoryhealthcare.org/mdchats.

About Dr. Oskouei

Shervin V. Oskouei, MDShervin V. Oskouei, MD, assistant professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at Emory University, is an expert in the treatment of musculoskeletal (extremity) tumors, total hip and total knee replacements and revisions. Dr. Oskouei started practicing at Emory in 2004. Dr. Oskouei is board-certified and fellowship trained in orthopaedic surgery. Combining his experience and interests with the state-of-the-art facilities of Emory University and the Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University allows Dr. Oskouei to treat patients with the latest modalities using a multi-disciplinary approach.

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Osteoarthritis Pain Treatment – Using your own Stem Cells?

hip resurfacing procedureIt is reality now! Physicians at Emory Orthopaedics & Spine are among a select group of physicians around the country to offer a unique procedure using stem cell injections to relieve osteoarthritis (OA) pain. During the procedure, the physician extracts stem cell blood from the bone marrow in a patient’s hip and then injects the stem cells directly into the patient’s damaged joint. The stem cells are from the patient’s own body so the risk of rejection is very low.

Hear first hand from Dr. Mautner and one of our patients how this new treatment option is helping relieve pain from Osteoarthritis:

About Ken Mautner, MD

Ken Mautner, MD is an assistant professor in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the Department of Orthopedic Surgery. Dr. Mautner started practicing at Emory in 2004 after completing a fellowship in Primary Care Sports Medicine at the American Sports Medicine Institute in Birmingham, Alabama. He is board certified in PM&R with a subspecialty certification in Sports Medicine. Dr. Mautner currently serves as head team physician for Agnes Scott College and St. Pius High School and a team physician for Emory University Athletics. He is also a consulting physician for Georgia Tech Athletics, Neuro Tour, and several local high schools. He has focused his clinical interest on sports concussions, where he is regarded as a local and regional expert in the field. In 2005, he became one of the first doctors in Georgia to use office based neuropsychological testing to help determine return to play recommendations for athletes. He also is an expert in diagnostic and interventional musculoskeletal ultrasound and teaches both regional and national courses on how to perform office based ultrasound. He regularly performs Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) injections for patients with chronic tendinopathy. Dr. Mautner also specializes in the care of athletes with spine problems as well as hip and groin injuries.

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At-Home Workouts Ease Osteoarthritis Pain

Osteoarthritis at home workoutsIf you have osteoarthritis, you already know that exercise can help reduce pain and improve mobility. But did you know that working out at home with a DVD may bring even more relief?

According to a study presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), 107 people with osteoarthritis in the knee were randomized to either a DVD-based exercise group or a control group. The DVD group received a DVD-based exercise program along with verbal and hands-on exercise instructions for the first four to eight weeks. Participants in the DVD group reportedly exercised 5.3, 5.0, and 3.8 times per week at three-, six-, and 12-month intervals and had significantly greater improvement in pain and physical function than those in the control group.

While exercise did not make a significant difference in the progression of osteoarthritis, the reduction of pain and mobility among the DVD group speaks to the benefits of adding a video-based home exercise program to an existing exercise regimen.

When you exercise regularly, you strengthen the muscles around the arthritic joint, which helps decrease the pain of osteoarthritis and improve function. We suggest you do whatever keeps you on track to exercise regularly, whether it’s a video-based exercise program or exercising with a friend. But first, we recommend that you have an exercise program designed specifically for you by a physical therapist who understands osteoarthritis, to avoid injuries from overdoing it or doing the wrong exercises. The physical therapists here at the Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center have the experience and the expertise to develop an exercise plan that meets your unique needs and helps bring relief from osteoarthritis pain.

Do you have osteoarthritis? Has a regular home-based exercise program helped ease your pain? We welcome your questions and feedback in the comments section below.

Related Resources:

Can Osteoarthritis Be Prevented?

preventing osteoarthritisIf you’re starting to feel the twinges of pain or stiffness in your joints or spine, you may be wondering what’s causing it and whether you can prevent it from getting worse. One common contributor to joint and spine pain is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a common joint disease that is caused by degeneration of the cartilage, the cushiony substance between the bones, and if severe, it can then affect the bone itself. Osteoarthritis most commonly affects the weight-bearing joints (hips, knees, and spine).

The chance of developing arthritis increases with age. Although some people may have it as early as their 20s and 30s, it is more likely to develop osteoarthritis in your 50 and 60s and older. There is no cure for osteoarthritis, so prevention is the key. There are some risk factors that you can’t change, such as your genes (heredity) and your age. The goal is to decrease risk factors that you do have control over to help prevent osteoarthritis. These include:

  • Weight – obesity increases risk of arthritis
  • Trauma
  • Performing repetitive-motion tasks over a long period of time
  • Weaksurrounding muscles

The same factors that will help you prevent osteoarthritis can also help treat the pain and discomfort from osteoarthritis. Extra weight puts a strain on your joints, so try to keep your weight in a healthy range or lose weight if you’re not in that range. If you’re not sure what a healthy range is for you, check with your doctor. Also, keeping your muscles strong can help decrease the weight on your joints. If pain occurs while you’re doing an activity, listen to your body and decrease your intensity. Bear in mind that repetitive activities can cause joint pain and stiffness. Repetitive activities might include working on the computer or repeated bending or lifting. Try to find other ways of performing daily activities and be sure to take frequent breaks.

If you’re experiencing ongoing or increasing pain and stiffness, it may be time to see one of the physicians at the Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center for further evaluation and treatment.

Emory physiatrists are physicians specially trained in rehabilitation and pain management. Our physiatrists can work with you to develop a plan that includes daily strengthening and stretching exercises to reduce pain and stiffness. Because osteoarthritis can occur in different areas of your body, you want a plan designed to target the affected joint or joints. Your physician may suggest formal therapy or bracing the joint to help ease pain. Finally, your doctor can suggest an over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication or prescribe medication to help with the pain if needed.

Do you have osteoarthritis? What do you do to ease the pain and stiffness? We’d like to hear about your experience. Please take a moment to give us feedback in the comments section below.

Dr. Diana SodiqAbout Diana Sodiq, DO:
Diana Sodiq, DO, is an Assistant Professor of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation Medicine. She is Board Certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Physiatry). As an osteopathic physician, Dr. Sodiq is trained in both traditional medicine as well as osteopathic manipulative treatments (OMT). She started practicing at Emory in 2010.