Posts Tagged ‘head injuries’

Concussions in Young Athletes Live Chat Takeaways

concussion260x200Concussions in young athletes are a hot topic as the fall sports season begins again. Concussion rates are rising sharply among U.S. kids and teens, researchers report, and concussion diagnoses more than doubled between 2007 and 2014. According to the CDC, more than 248,000 U.S. children and teens land in the emergency room each year because of a concussion sustained in sports or recreational activities, such as bicycling, football, basketball, soccer and from playground injuries.

We hosted a live chat on Tuesday, August 9th with Dr. Jeffrey Webb, pediatric sports medicine physician at Emory Sports Medicine Center to address this important topic. Thanks to such a great turnout, we were able to answer quite a few questions that were submitted both prior to and during the chat. Below are some highlights from the live chat. View the full chat transcript here.


Question:What are the treatments for a concussion?

Dr. Webb: The most important treatment initially is rest and avoidance of anything that worsens symptoms or contact to the brain. Healthy habits such as eating right and drinking a lot of fluids also seem to be helpful. Sometimes physical therapy and vestibular therapy can help speed up recovery.

Question: Is imaging needed to confirm a concussion?

Dr. Webb: No, imaging is not needed to confirm a concussion. A CT scan and/or MRI does not show a concussion. It is more of a functional disturbance than structural problem. An athlete only needs these scans if there is concern for a more serious injury, like a skull fracture or brain bleed.

Question: It’s really good to hear you say that plenty of sleep will help in the recovery process. I’ve heard in the past that when a child receive an impact, that we may suspect is a concussion, that the 1st thing to do is to not allow them to fall asleep, if they feel the certain urge to. Is the “urge to fall asleep” a common side affect of a concussion, and if so, should we prevent a player from doing so?

Dr. Webb: This is something that has changed in the last 10- 20 years with management of concussions. We used to tell parents to wake their child up frequently the night of a concussion. We now know that sleep is important for recovery, and it is important to let them sleep. The only exception would be if someone had a skull fracture or bleed in the brain, in which case they would probably be admitted to the hospital and have much more serious symptoms than a standard concussion.


Thanks again to everyone who joined us for this live chat. You can find the full chat transcript here and learn more about concussions by clicking below.


Youth Concussion Law in Georgia- House Bill 284

ConcussionsThe Georgia House is reviewing a new youth concussion bill. The bill, House Bill 284, is aimed at concussion education as well as protecting many young Georgia athletes after they experience a concussion. Emory Sports Medicine Center orthopaedist, Ken Mautner, MD comments in the CBS News piece that “There’s a lot of misinformation and unawareness about concussion and I think passing a law like this will bring it into the spotlight, will allow better education, and will ultimately allow protection of our athletes”. Only six states don’t have a youth concussion law so we are hoping the bill passes the House. Watch the News important news report that could keep our young athletes safe here –

How to Recover Fully and Quickly from a Concussion

ConcussionsConcussions get a lot of press in the heart of football season as football players aggressively go after the big win each week but this very serious injury can happen to anyone. It is very important to know the symptoms of this injury to ensure full recovery.

A concussion usually occurs when there is impact to the head or neck area that causes an alteration in mental status. This may or may not involve loss of consciousness (passing out). Common symptoms following a concussion include headaches, noise sensitivity, problems with concentration and memory, irritability, depression, anxiety, fatigue and poor judgment. Some symptoms appear immediately and others may take weeks or months to develop. Symptoms can also continue for weeks, months or even a year or more after a concussion, especially if not managed properly or if an athlete returns to their sport to soon.

Emory Sports Medicine physician, Dr. Ken Mautner, says it is important to take proper precautions and visit a physician right away if you suspect any type of brain trauma. Typically, mental and physical rest is the best prescription following a concussion. Medications are typically not prescribed early on after a concussion, but sometimes are helpful to patients who suffer from prolonged symptoms, known as post-concussion syndrome.

Luckily, most patients who sustain a concussion will make a full recovery within days or weeks after the injury. Some patients still experience symptoms for up to 6 months but are OK after this time period. Patients who have had repeated concussions or more severe symptoms may take longer to recover or may have permanent effects from the injury.

Dr. Mautner stresses how important it is to follow helmet and safety precautions when participating in any sport in order to prevent head and neck injuries, including concussions. Experts are constantly studying head injuries and developing new protocols and devices to ensure we all stay safe as we participate in the sports we love.

About Ken Mautner, MD

Ken Mautner, MDKen Mautner, MD is an assistant professor in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the Department of Orthopedic Surgery. Dr. Mautner started practicing at Emory in 2004 after completing a fellowship in Primary Care Sports Medicine at the American Sports Medicine Institute in Birmingham, Alabama. He is board certified in PM&R with a subspecialty certification in Sports Medicine. Dr. Mautner currently serves as head team physician for Agnes Scott College and St. Pius High School and a team physician for Emory University Athletics. He is also a consulting physician for Georgia Tech Athletics, Neuro Tour, and several local high schools. He has focused his clinical interest on sports concussions, where he is regarded as a local and regional expert in the field. In 2005, he became one of the first doctors in Georgia to use office based neuropsychological testing to help determine return to play recommendations for athletes. He also is an expert in diagnostic and interventional musculoskeletal ultrasound and teaches both regional and national courses on how to perform office based ultrasound. He regularly performs Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) injections for patients with chronic tendinopathy. Dr. Mautner also specializes in the care of athletes with spine problems as well as hip and groin injuries.

About Emory Sports Medicine Center
The Emory Sports Medicine Center is a leader in advanced treatments for patients with orthopedic and sports-related injuries. From surgical sports medicine expertise to innovative therapy and athletic injury rehabilitation, our sports medicine physicians and specialists provide the most comprehensive treatment for athletic injuries in Atlanta and the state of Georgia. Constantly conducting research and developing new techniques, Emory sports medicine specialists are experienced in diagnosing and treating the full spectrum of sports injuries.

Female High School Soccer Players 64% More Likely to Suffer from Concussions Than Males

Female athletes concussion riskShe’s only 16, but she’s already been playing soccer for over a decade. In that time, Alex Anne Matthews, a junior at the Lovett School in the Buckhead area of Atlanta, has broken several bones and sustained two concussions. Unfortunately, according to a new study, the injuries Alex has sustained over her currently 12-year-long soccer career are not only common, but more common for female high school soccer players than males.

During a soccer game on September 4th of this year, Alex hit the ground with force. “She came up from behind me and slide-tackled my feet out from under me, and I landed on my side, and the first thing to hit the ground was my head,” she recalls. Alex’s parents looked on as it happened, and as her mother, Anne Matthews puts it, “Alex Anne got up like she always does and staggered a little to her right. And Chip and I looked at each other and went, ‘that doesn’t look good.”

Despite a noticeable headache, Alex charged on and played in a second soccer game that same afternoon, but it wasn’t too long before routine concussion symptoms: nausea, dizziness, and blurred vision set in. According to Dr. Kenneth Mautner of Emory Sports Medicine, “There’s actually sheering forces that occur inside the brain, and the brain literally gets shaken inside the skull.”

But, according to a new study, it’s much more common (64% more common, in fact)  for female high school soccer players such as Alex  to sustain concussions than it is for males playing the same sport. So what makes concussions more common for female soccer players? Dr. Mautner says it could be a few things.

“Something just as simple as girls report concussions more because they’re more likely to say when they’re hurt and not feeling well,” according to Mautner, could be one reason. There is also evidence to show that stronger neck muscles in men and their ability to absorb shock more effectively may lower their concussion risk, or that hormones may make female athletes more susceptible to sustaining an injury.

Female athletes may also take longer to recover from concussions. For both men and women, however, Dr. Mautner emphasizes the importance of not returning to the field too soon. “There’s no one test to say you’re ready or you’re not ready, so we see how their symptoms are. They need to be completely asymptomatic at rest, they need to be asymptomatic with exertion.”

The findings of the study are not intended to alarm parents or child athletes, but rather, to help raise awareness around concussion symptoms and the importance of taking heed to them when they present themselves. Nausea, headaches, confusion, drowsiness, sensitivity to noise and dizziness are a few of the most common concussion symptoms.

Thankfully for Alex, six weeks after sustaining her most recent concussion, she is back on the field and pursuing her next goal, to play soccer in college. We’ll be keeping an eye out for her on ESPN in the coming years.

For more information on Dr. Mautner or Emory Sports Medicine, visit: