Posts Tagged ‘achilles’

The Best Treatment for an Achilles Tendon Injury

Achilles Tendon InjuryAn Achilles tendon injury can affect your ability to perform the activities you enjoy and even your ability to walk. That’s why it’s important to talk to your doctor if you experience significant pain in your Achilles tendon, which connects the muscles on the back of your calf to your heel bone.

Types of Achilles Tendon Injuries

There are two common types of Achilles tendon injuries:

  • Achilles tendinitis: A gradual onset of pain, often from overuse. It can usually be treated with rest and rehabilitation.
  • Achilles tendon tear or rupture: A sudden injury that may feel as though you were hit or kicked in the back of the ankle. It usually affects your ability to walk properly and may require surgery to repair the rupture.

It’s crucial to know which type of Achilles tendon injury you have because treatment is very different for each form. If you suspect you have a torn Achilles tendon, seek treatment from a doctor specializing in sports medicine or orthopaedic surgery.

Achilles Tendon Injury Diagnosis

Your doctor will likely be able to tell if you have an Achilles tendon rupture from a physical exam by feeling the gap in your tendon. To know more about the severity of a tear, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan may be recommended.

Achilles Tendon Repair

If you have a torn Achilles tendon and are an active individual, surgery may be your best option. Sometimes a ruptured Achilles tendon can be treated with a brace, cast or splint that keeps your lower leg from moving. However, surgery decreases the chance of your tendon tearing again and requires a shorter recovery time. Your surgeon may wait a week after your injury to perform the surgery to allow swelling to decrease.

There are two forms of surgery to repair an Achilles tendon injury. Both involve your surgeon sewing your tendon back together through an incision.

  • Open surgery: The surgeon makes a single large incision in the back of the leg.
  • Percutaneous surgery: The surgeon makes several small incisions rather than one large incision.

Depending on the condition of the torn tissue, the repair may be reinforced with other tendons.

Rehabilitation for an Achilles Tendon Injury

Rehabilitation, especially physical therapy to strengthen your tendon and leg muscles, can also be helpful in treating an Achilles tendon injury, whether you require surgery or not. Most people can return to daily activities within four to six months, while high-impact athletes may need up to a year to heal before returning to play.