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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Best Ways To Recognize And Treat An Ankle Fracture
Nov 19, 2015 By Jason Bariteau, MD


What is an ankle fracture?

A fracture is a partial or complete break in a bone. An ankle fracture can range from a simple break in one bone, which may cause discomfort but not stop you from walking, to more serious fractures, which damage multiple bones that hold your ankle joint in place and may require surgery or immobilization for some time. There are three bones that make up the ankle joint:
  • Tibia – shinbone
  • Fibula – smaller bone of the lower leg
  • Talus – a small bone that sits between the heel bone (calcaneus) and the tibia and fibula
Any one of the three bones could break as the result of a fall, twisting, rolling or rotating your ankle, a car accident or some other trauma to the ankle. The more bones that are broken, the more unstable the ankle becomes and the longer the recovery time.

What are the signs and symptoms of a fractured ankle?

Common [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Protect Your Knees at Any Age
Nov 12, 2015 By Dr. Karas

knee-painKnee problems are the most common reason people visit an orthopaedic or sports medicine surgeon. May seem like common sense, but if you want healthy knees later in life, start taking care of them now, even if you are young. The knee is the largest and strongest joint in your body and the major support structure of all your lower extremities. Unfortunately, as people age, knee issues become more common. Possible knee symptoms are aches, stiffness, and swelling and are usually caused by two main factors. First, as we age, we lose some of the natural cartilage that acts as a cushion between the four bones in your knee joint. Damage to, or wearing down of, the cartilage causes pain and makes it hard to do many everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. Second, if you play sports, live an active lifestyle, or have suffered a knee injury, it is likely you may [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Experts Reveal New Post-Concussion Treatment Recommendations: Rest Is Not Best
Nov 5, 2015 By Dr. Mathew Pombo

footballEarlier this month, 37 concussion specialists and researchers from around the country met in Pittsburgh to discuss the effectiveness of a common treatment option for concussions. I had the honor of representing Emory Healthcare and participating in this game-changing conference. The goal of the two-day conference, which was held at University of Pittsburg Medical Center (UPMC), was to get the word out that concussions are treatable injuries and should no longer be treated with strict rest alone. There were several consensus statements on the issue that were debated in detail, and ultimately agreed/disagreed upon. After much conversation, my fellow concussion experts and I came to the conclusion that despite popular belief, prolonged rest, a common treatment recommendation for concussions, does not aid in the recovery from a concussion and can actually worsen it. This [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Extending Nationally-ranked Orthopaedics, Sports and Spine Care
Oct 29, 2015 By Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center

MSKmapRecently, Emory University Orthopaedics & Spine Hospital was recognized nationally as a top hospital in the country for orthopaedics*, but did you know that we have more than one location? In fact, Emory offers comprehensive orthopaedic, sports medicine and spine care at multiple locations across Atlanta: Clinic Locations: ★ Atlanta (also has an outpatient surgery center) ★ Dunwoody (also has an outpatient surgery center) ★ Johns Creek ★ Sugarloaf ★ Tucker Hospital Locations:

  • Emory University Orthopaedics & Spine Hospital
  • Emory University Hospital Midtown
  • Emory Johns Creek Hospital
Physical Therapy Locations:
  • Atlanta (3 different locations)
  • Dunwoody
  • Johns Creek
  • Sugarloaf
  • Tucker
Emory University Orthopaedics & Spine Hospital is Georgia’s first and only hospital designated primarily to spine and joint replacement surgery. Each of our [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
5 Ways to Prevent Shin Splints
Oct 22, 2015 By Dr. Kenneth Mautner

runners-shinYou don’t typically think about your shins until they hurt. But by then, you could be looking at some major downtime. A recent study showed that shin splints are the most common injury for new runners, keeping them out of activity for a whopping 72 days on average! Keep yourself active and healthy – check out a few easy tips to prevent shin splints from occurring in the future:

Building Strength

Shin splints often occur when your legs are overworked. That's sometimes from a lot of mileage, and sometimes because your shins pick up the slack for body parts that are weak, such as your feet, ankles, calves, and hips, which support your shins. One easy way to avoid shin splints is to build strength in these areas. A few basic exercises include:
  • Heel Drop – Stand on your toes on the edge of a step. Shift your weight to your right leg and take your left foot off the step, then

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Common Causes of Shoulder Pain
Oct 8, 2015 By Michael B. Gottschalk, MD

shoulder-painThe shoulder is a region of the body comprised of several bones, muscles and tendons. The shoulder’s main function is to help position the hand in space whether it is scratching your back to throwing a football. But mobility has its price: it can lead to increasing problems with instability or impingement of the soft tissues in your shoulder, resulting in pain that may be temporary or continuous. Most shoulder problems fall into five major categories:

  • Tendon inflammation and tears
  • Instability
  • Arthritis
  • Fracture (broken bone)

Tendon Inflammation and tears

Overuse activities tend to affect people in the form of bursitis and tendinitis. Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendon, while bursitis is the inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a small fluid-filled sac usually found over the joints and between tendons and bones that allows for easy gliding. The most [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
What is Orthopedic Trauma?
Oct 1, 2015 By Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center

ambulanceOrthopedic trauma is a severe injury to part of the musculoskeletal system, and often the result of a sudden accident requiring immediate medical attention. While not all orthopedic trauma is life-threatening, it is life altering. Therefore, your choice of doctors is extremely important. Orthopedic trauma physicians are unique in that they specialize in complex injuries to bones, joints and soft tissues (like muscles, tendons and ligaments) throughout the entire body. Many orthopaedic specialists specialize in just one body part. Others may provide more general care but won't treat more acute fractures, which are physically more difficult to fix. Orthopedic trauma physicians, however, receive training in the field of orthopaedic surgery with a special focus on the treatment of fractured bones and joint realignment to promote the safe recovery and return of functionality to [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
How to Recover From a Patellar Tendon Tear
Sep 21, 2015 By Dr. Karas

The patellar tendon is the tendon below the kneecap (patella) that attaches the quadriceps (front thigh) muscles to the tibia (shinbone). This tendon is extremely important in straightening the knee or slowing the knee during bending or squatting. Basically, any physical activity or sport requires an intact patellar tendon. Patellar tendon tears can be either partial or complete. When there is a complete tear, the patellar tendon separates from the kneecap and the knee cannot be straightened. Athletes tend to overexert themselves during play and when too much body weight or force is placed on the knee, the patellar tendon can rupture or tear. Because this tendon is very small and vital to knee support, choosing an orthopaedic surgeon and physical therapist who specialize in knee injury treatment is crucial. Recovery from a patellar tendon tear can take a long time, so your [...]

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Using Heat and Cold to Treat Injury
Sep 14, 2015 By Brandon Mines, MD

back-painIt’s hard to get through life without straining a muscle, spraining a ligament, or wrenching your back. When something hurts, ice and heat are often the go-to solutions, and using temperature therapy to complement medications and self-care can be very effective. But while both heat and cold can help reduce pain, it can be confusing to decide which is more appropriate depending on the injury. Our tips below give you the facts on when to use (and not use) heat and cold therapies.

When to Use Cold Therapy

Cold is best for acute pain caused by recent tissue damage is used when the injury is recent, red, inflamed, or sensitive. The inflammatory process is a healthy, normal, natural process that also can be incredibly painful. Here are some examples of common acute injuries:
  • Ankle sprain
  • Muscle or joint sprain
  • Red, hot or swollen body part
  • Acute pain after intense

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Orthopedics, Spine & Sports Medicine
Understanding Adult Idiopathic & Degenerative Scoliosis
Sep 10, 2015 By Dheera Ananthakrishnan, MD

spine-scoliosisScoliosis, or an abnormal curvature of the spine, affects an estimated 7 million people across the U.S., or approximately 2% of the American population. Often the onset of scoliosis begins during adolescence, but the condition can also exist in adults. When the condition is discovered after puberty, it is referred to as adult scoliosis. Most scoliosis cases are considered idiopathic, meaning they have no known cause. Most idiopathic scoliosis cases among adults actually began during adolescence. It is important, whether you’re an adult who’s been living with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis for years, or an adult whose scoliosis has only recently discovered, that you have your spine regularly checked by a physician to monitor the curvature and its progression. In many cases, idiopathic scoliosis does not require surgical treatment, but in the event that the curvature worsens [...]

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