The typical treatment methodology for Type 2 diabetes includes medications, diet changes, and exercise, but two recent studies have found that weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, may in fact be much more effective in curing Type 2 diabetes. Not only that, but those with Type 2 diabetes who underwent weight loss surgery also saw decreases in blood pressure and cholesterol.
Findings from the two new studies were published this week in The New England Journal of Medicine and have helped shed light on a trend doctors have been noticing for years, that bariatric surgery often rids its patients of Type 2 diabetes as well.
“Type 2 diabetes is one of the fastest growing epidemics in human history,” and in the U.S. alone, the number of diabetes cases has tripled over the last 30 years. There are currently over 20 million Americans living with diabetes.
The first study compared two different types of bariatric surgery with the typical medical treatment regimen for Type 2 diabetes. After two years of following the participants, those in the surgical weight loss group had complete Type 2 diabetes remission rates of 75%-95%, whereas those in the standard medical treatment group saw no remissions from diabetes. The second study compared two surgical procedures with a more intense medical treatment regimen.Findings showed ~40% remission rates in the surgical group, whereas the rates were much lower, 12%, for the medical treatment group.
In addition to the findings from these studies, research at Emory has shown that bariatric surgery can also aid in the improvement of Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), sleep apnea, depression, and joint pain among other conditions. The sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass procedures were two of the surgeries evaluated in the studies up above, both of which are offered at the Emory. For more information on the study and these procedures, see the links the below.